[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 30, Issue 3 (8-2022) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2022, 30(3): 62-74 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Neurofeedback Exercises on Executive Performance of Cognitive Flexibility and Attention in Students with Learning Disabilities
Sargol Sheri1 , Mastooreh Sedaghat * 2, Mehrangiz Shoakazemi3 , Hojatallah Moradi4
1- Dept of Counselling, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2- Faculty of Counseling and Psychology, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran , Mastoorehsedaghat@yahoo.com
3- Dept of Women in Family Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences and Economic, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
4- Dept of Counseling and Psychology, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (485 Views)
Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of neurofeedback exercises on executive performance, cognitive flexibility, and attention in students with learning disabilities.
Material & Methods: In this study, a total of 30 male students with learning disabilities were referred to the Movafaghiat Clinic in Tehran, Iran, and were randomly assigned to two groups (each including 15 students). The first group (experimental group) received 16 sessions of neurofeedback training (two sessions per week) and the second group (control) did not receive any intervention. The study instruments included the Wisconsin cognitive flexibility test and the Stroop attention test. The data were analyzed using the univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance in SPSS software (version 24).
Findings: The results showed that the experimental group had superiority in terms of the indicators of the Stroop Attention test and Wisconsin Cognitive Flexibility test.
Discussion & Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, neurofeedback training is effective in improving the executive functions of students with learning disabilities. Accordingly, this method can be used to improve the executive functions of these groups of students.
.
Keywords: Attention, Cognitive flexibility, Executive function, Learning disability neurofeedback
Full-Text [PDF 1383 kb]   (205 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: psychology
Received: 2022/01/18 | Accepted: 2022/04/13 | Published: 2022/08/6
References
1. Graham HR, Minhas RS, Paxton G. Learning Problems in Children of Refugee Background: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics 2016;137.doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-3994
2. Willcutt EG, Doyle AE, Nigg JT, Faraone SV, Pennington BF. Validity of the executive function theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analytic review. Biol Psychiatry 2005;57:1336-46. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.02.006
3. Dajani DR, Uddin LQ. Demystifying cognitive flexibility: Implications for clinical and developmental neuroscience. Trends Neurosci 2015;38:571-8. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2015.07.003
4. Latzman RD, Elkovitch N, Young J, Clark LA. The contribution of executive functioning to academic achievement among male adolescents. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2010;32:455-62. doi: 10.1080/13803390903164363
5. Liira H. Managing functional disorders: opportunities and threats. Scand J Prim Health Care 2020;38:1-2. doi: 10.1080/02813432.2020.1718304
6. Enriquez-Geppert S, Smit D, Pimenta MG, Arns M. Neurofeedback as a Treatment Intervention in ADHD: Current Evidence and Practice. Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019;21:46.doi: 10.1007/s11920-019-1021-4
7. Mary A, Slama H, Mousty P, Massat I, Capiau T, Drabs V, et al. Executive and attentional contributions to Theory of Mind deficit in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Child Neuropsychol 2016;22:345-65.doi: 10.1080/09297049.2015.1012491
8. Bays PM. Noise in neural populations accounts for errors in working memory. J Neurosci 2014;34:3632-45.doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3204-13.2014
9. Langarita-Llorente R, Gracia-Garcia P. Neuro-psychology of generalized anxiety disorders: a systematic review. Rev Neurol 2019;69:59-67.doi: 10.33588/rn.6902.2018371
10. Moll K, Kunze S, Neuhoff N, Bruder J, Schulte-Körne G. Specific learning disorder: prevalence and gender differences. PloS one. 2014;9:e103537.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103537
11. Thibault RT, MacPherson A, Lifshitz M, Roth RR, Raz A. Neurofeedback with fMRI: A critical systematic review. Neuroimage. 2018;172:786-807.doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.12.071
12. Vernon D, Egner T, Cooper N, Compton T, Neilands C, Sheri A, et al. The effect of training distinct neurofeedback protocols on aspects of cognitive performance. Int J Psychophysiol 2003;47:75-85.doi: 10.1016/s0167-8760(02)00091-0
13. Ortega LA, Tracy BA, Gould TJ, Parikh V. Effects of chronic low-and high-dose nicotine on cognitive flexibility in C57BL/6J mice. Behav Brain Res 2013;238:134-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2012.10.032
14. Coben R, Linden M, Myers TE. Neurofeedback for autistic spectrum disorder: a review of the literature. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2010;35:83-105.doi: 10.1007/s10484-009-9117-y
15. Banerjee S, Argáez C. CADTH Rapid Response Reports. Neurofeedback and Biofeedback for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health .Copyright © 2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.; 2017. PMID: 30299634
16. Medina JA, Netto TL, Muszkat M, Medina AC, Botter D, Orbetelli R, et al. Exercise impact on sustained attention of ADHD children, methylphenidate effects. Atten Defic Hyperact Disord 2010;2:49-58.doi: 10.1007/s12402-009-0018-y
17. Chan RC, Chen EY, Law C. Specific executive dysfunction in patients with first-episode medication-naive schizophrenia. Schizophr Res 2006;82:51-64.doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2005.09.020
18. Rahimi C, Hashemi R, Mohamadi N. The utility of the wisconsin card sorting test in differential diagnosis of cognitive disorders in Iranian psychiatric patients and healthy subjects. Iran J Psychiatry 2011;6:99-105.
19. Balconi M, Crivelli D, Angioletti L. Efficacy of a Neurofeedback Training on Attention and Driving Performance: Physiological and Behavioral Measures. Front Neurosci 2019;13:996.doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00996
20. Beauregard M, Lévesque J. Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the effects of neurofeedback training on the neural bases of selective attention and response inhibition in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2006;31:3-20.doi: 10.1007/s10484-006-9001-y
21. Bielas J, Michalczyk Ł. Beta Neurofeedback Training Improves Attentional Control in the Elderly. Psychol Rep 2021;124:54-69.doi: 10.1177/0033294119900348
22. Lévesque J, Beauregard M, Mensour B. Effect of neurofeedback training on the neural substrates of selective attention in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neurosci Lett 2006;394:216-21.doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2005.10.100
23. Albaret JM, Chaix Y. Neurobiological bases and neurophysiological correlates of developmental coordination disorders. Neurophysiol Clin 2012;42:11-7.doi: 10.1016/j.neucli.2011.07.001
24. Dentz A, Guay MC, Parent V, Romo L. Working Memory Training for Adults With ADHD. J Atten Disord 2020;24 :918-27.doi: 10.1177/1087054717723987
25. Egner T, Gruzelier JH. EEG biofeedback of low beta band components: frequency-specific effects on variables of attention and event-related brain potentials. Clin Neurophysiol 2004;115:131-9.doi : 10.1016/s1388-2457(03)00353-5
26. Wang JR, Hsieh S. Neurofeedback training improves attention and working memory performance. Clin Neurophysiol 2013;124:2406-20. doi : 10.1016/j.clinph.2013.05.020
27. Bidzan-Bluma I, Lipowska M. Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning of Children: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018;15.doi: 10.3390/ijerph15040800
28. Zhang L, So KF. Exercise, spinogenesis and cognitive functions. Int Rev Neurobiol 2019;147:323-60. doi: 10.1016/bs.irn.2019.07.005
29. Quevedo K, Liu G, Teoh JY, Ghosh S, Zeffiro T, Ahrweiler N, et al. Neurofeedback and neuroplasticity of visual self-processing in depressed and healthy adolescents: A preliminary study. Dev Cogn Neurosci 2019;40:100707. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100707
30. Sitaram R, Ros T, Stoeckel L, Haller S, Scharnowski F, Lewis-Peacock J, et al. Closed-loop brain training: the science of neurofeedback. Nat Rev Neurosci 2017;18:86-100. doi: 10.1038/nrn.2016.164
31. Cheng ST. Cognitive Reserve and the Prevention of Dementia: the Role of Physical and Cognitive Activities. Curr Psychiatry Rep 2016;18 :85. doi: 10.1007/s11920-016-0721-2
32. Marzbani H, Marateb HR, Mansourian M. Neurofeedback: A Comprehensive Review on System Design, Methodology and Clinical Applications. Basic Clin Neurosci 2016;7:143-58. doi: 10.15412/J.BCN.03070208
33. Aslam AR, Altaf MAB. An On-Chip Processor for Chronic Neurological Disorders Assistance Using Negative Affectivity Classification. IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst 2020;14:838-51. doi: 10.1109/TBCAS.2020.3008766
34. Li K, Jiang Y, Gong Y, Zhao W, Zhao Z, Liu X, et al. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy-informed neurofeedback: regional-specific modulation of lateral orbitofrontal activation and cognitive flexibility. Neurophotonics 2019;6 :025011. doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.6.2.025011
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sheri S, Sedaghat M, Shoakazemi M, Moradi H. Evaluation of Neurofeedback Exercises on Executive Performance of Cognitive Flexibility and Attention in Students with Learning Disabilities. sjimu 2022; 30 (3) :62-74
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-7466-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 30, Issue 3 (8-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.15 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4509