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:: Volume 24, Issue 6 (2-2017) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2017, 24(6): 66-76 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Sleep and Sleep Deprivation on Cortisol and Testosterone Responses, Anaerobic Performance Indices and Blood Lactate in Active Men
Sajad Arshadi * 1, Abdolali Banaeifar2 , Hamid Tabatabaey2 , Rodabeh Shakibatabar2
1- Dept of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran , arshadi.sajad@yahoo.com
2- Dept of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (11622 Views)

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sleep deprivation on the responses of cortisol and testosterone, anaerobic performance indices and blood lactate in active men. For this purpose we used active healthy subjects of physical education field with an average age of 23 ± 2.25 Height 174.5 ± 1.1 and the weight of 69.5 ± 7.8.

Materials & methods: sleep deprivation was a night that was applied by reading, playing chess, computer game and so on. Cortisol and testosterone were measured by Liaison kit mad in England. Performance indicies were measured using the maximum Wingate anaerobic power test and blood lactate were measured using lactometer at the time of fasting, before, immediately and after the 5 minutes of anaerobic test. Data analysis using dependent and independent t test were evaluated.

Findings: The results indicated that sleep deprivation than sleep leaded to significant increase in cortisol (p=0.03) and significant decrease in testosterone (p=0.01). The results showed that sleep than sleep deprivation don’t have significant differences in the performance of anaerobic power and fatigue index (p= 0.06, 0.11, 0.21) although a slight improvement in performance parameters of anaerobic power during sleep was observed. Blood lactate concentration at the time immediately after the Wingate test in sleep phase than full and partial sleep deprivation showed a significant reduction (p=0.02). At other times of rest, before and 5 minutes after the Wingate test, no significant changes (p= 0.061, 0.053, 0.61) were observed.

Discussion & conclusions: Results of this study demonstrated that sleep deprivation didn’t have significant effects on reducing the anaerobic performance and fatigue in active subjects, but concentration lactate showed significant increase after sleep deprivation and after anaerobic exercise than sleep stage. These hormonal changes may be due to stress-induced sleep deprivation and sports activities.

Keywords: Cortisol, Sleep deprivation, Testosterone, Fatigue, Exercise performance, lactat
Full-Text [PDF 841 kb]   (4110 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physical Education
Received: 2015/10/17 | Accepted: 2015/12/5 | Published: 2017/02/20
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Arshadi S, Banaeifar A, Tabatabaey H, Shakibatabar R. The Effect of Sleep and Sleep Deprivation on Cortisol and Testosterone Responses, Anaerobic Performance Indices and Blood Lactate in Active Men . J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2017; 24 (6) :66-76
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-3130-en.html


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Volume 24, Issue 6 (2-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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