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:: Volume 21, Issue 6 (12-2013) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2013, 21(6): 42-49 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation the Risk Factors of Cholera Outbreak in Kashan
H Gilasi , A Moradi , M Haidarian , R Razaghi , Z Gharlipour , ش Ashrafi hafez * 1
1- , ashrafihafez@gmail.com
Abstract:   (10849 Views)
Introduction: Cholera is an acute intestinal bacterial disease that initiates with watery diarrhea and vomiting. The cause of infection is a gram negative bacillus named Vibrio cholera. Cholera has been caused terrible outbreaks of diarrheal disease in the world and is a major problem in Africa, Asia and South America. This study aimed to determine the relationships between cholera risk factors and its outbreak in kashan. Materials & Method: In this population based case-control study, 44 cholera cases and 44 healthy controls among the population of kashan city were studied. Disease confirmation was based on the national program of disease control and stool examining. Cholera risk factors were assessed by interviewing. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between variables and disease. The significance level was set at 0.05. Findings: Analysis of data showed that cholera was associated with job, source of drinking water, consumption of vegetables and carrot juice. After adjustment for confounding factors using logistic regression analysis, the relationship was statistically remained significant for vegetable consumption (OR=22.93), carrot juice (OR=5.32) and ice pellets (OR=5). Discussion & Conclusion: To determine the risk factors associated with an outbreak and providing necessary information for decision making, case control or cross sectional studies were recommended. This study provided information on the cholera outbreak and its risk factors which have a vital role for controlling of future outbreaks.
Keywords: cholera, eltor, outbreak, risk factors
Full-Text [PDF 448 kb]   (2864 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Environmental health
Received: 2013/12/17 | Accepted: 2013/12/17 | Published: 2013/12/17
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gilasi H, moradi A, haidarian M, razaghi R, gharlipour Z, ashrafi hafez ش. Evaluation the Risk Factors of Cholera Outbreak in Kashan . J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2013; 21 (6) :42-49
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-1411-en.html


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Volume 21, Issue 6 (12-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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