[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
Publication Ethics::
Peer Review Process::
Indexing Databases::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Google Scholar Metrics

Citation Indices from GS

AllSince 2019

Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Registered in



:: Volume 31, Issue 6 (2-2024) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2024, 31(6): 115-126 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Parent Abuse in High School Boy Students during the Coronavirus Pandemic
Zabihollah Abbaspour * 1, Samaneh Karimi2 , Mansoor Sodani2
1- Dept of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran , z.abbaspour@scu.ac.ir
2- Dept of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (313 Views)
Introduction:  Domestic violence occurs in different ways in families. Parent abuse is a type of psychological, physical, or financial violence practiced by children against their parents. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of parent abuse in high school boy students during the coronavirus pandemic.
Material & Methods: The research method was descriptive-cross-sectional. The statistical population was all mothers of high school boy students in Khuzestan, Iran, in the academic year 2020-2021, of which 676 were selected by multistage cluster sampling. In this study, the Parent Abuse Scale (boy version) and demographic inventory were used. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, and percentage) and t-test using SPSS software (version 22).
Results: The findings of this study showed that the prevalence of physical abuse is 6.2%, emotional abuse 5%, financial abuse 11.4% and parental abuse in Corona epidemics is 4.1%. In addition, the findings of this study compared to the studies before the Corona outbreak showed that the prevalence of parental abuse of high school boy students in Khuzestan province was lower in the context of the coronavirus epidemic.
Discussion & Conclusion: Despite the fact that the number of parental abuses in Iranian society is significant, the rate of parental abuse in high school boy students during the Coronavirus in Khuzestan showed no increase. It is suggested to investigate strategies that have created and maintained positive interactions in the family.
Keywords: Coronavirus, Parent abuse, Prevalence
Full-Text [PDF 855 kb]   (149 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: pathology
Received: 2023/10/4 | Accepted: 2023/11/11 | Published: 2024/02/4
1. Xiang YT, Yang Y, Li W, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Cheung T, et al. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry 2020; 1;7(3):228-9. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8.
2. Adams JG, Walls RM. Supporting the health care workforce during the COVID-19 global epidemic. JAMA 2020; 21; 323:1439-40. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.3972.
3. World Health Organization. Mental health and psychosocial considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak, 18 March 2020. World Health Organization 2020.
4. Shen K, Yang Y, Wang T, Zhao D, Jiang Y, Jin R, et al. Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in children: experts’ consensus statement. World J Pediatr 2020; 16:223-31. doi: 10.1007/s12519-020-00343-7.
5. Li W, Yang Y, Liu ZH, Zhao YJ, Zhang Q, Zhang L, et al. Progression of mental health services during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Int J Biol Sci 2020; 16:1732. doi:10.7150/ijbs.45120.
6. Farahati M. Psychological impacts of the spread of coronavirus in society. Soc Impact Assess 2020;1: 207-25. (Persian)
7. Jiao WY, Wang LN, Liu J, Fang SF, Jiao FY, Pettoello-Mantovani M, et al. Behavioral and emotional disorders in children during the COVID-19 epidemic. J Pediatr 2020;1; 221:264-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.03.013.
8. Ghosh R, Dubey MJ, Chatterjee S, Dubey S. Impact of COVID-19 on children: special focus on the psychosocial aspect. Minerva Pediatr 2020; 1; 72:226-35. doi: 3736/S0026-4946.20.05887-9.
9. Roccella M. Children and coronavirus infection (Covid-19): what to tell children to avoid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Open Pediatr Med J 2020; 10.‌ doi: 10.2174/1874309902010010001.
10. Kluge HH. Statement—Physical and mental health key to resilience during COVID-19 pandemic. Copenhagen, Denmark: WHO (World Health Organization) 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2021.08.144.
11. Mohammadi M, Keshavarzi F, Naseri Jahromi R, Naseri Jahromi R, Hesampoor Z, Mirghafari F, et al. Analyzing the parents' experiences of first course elementary school students from the challenges of virtual education with social networks in the time of coronavirus outbreak. Institute Edu Psychol Soc Res 2020; 7:74-101. (Persian). doi:10.52547/erj.7.40.74.
12. Bo HX, Li W, Yang Y, Wang Y, Zhang Q, Cheung T, et al. Posttraumatic stress symptoms and attitude toward crisis mental health services among clinically stable patients with COVID-19 in China. Psychol Med 2021; 51:1052-3. doi:10.1017/S0033291720000999.
13. Lavi I, Fladeboe K, King K, Kawamura J, Friedman D, Compas B, et al. Stress and marital adjustment in families of children with cancer. Psycho-Oncol 2018; 27:1244-50. doi:10.1002/pon.4661.
14. Timmons AC, Arbel R, Margolin G. Daily patterns of stress and conflict in couples: Associations with marital aggression and family-of-origin aggression. J Fam Psychol 2017; 31:93. doi:10.1037/fam0000227.
15. Abbaspour Z, Vasel G, Khojastehmehr R. Investigating the Lived Experiences of Abused Mothers: A Phenomenological Study. J Qualitative Res Health Sci 2021; 1; 10:108-14. doi:10.22062/jqr.2021.193653.0.
16. Beckmann L. Family relationships as risks and buffers in the link between parent-to-child physical violence and adolescent-to-parent physical violence. J Fam Violence 2020; 35:131-41. doi:10.1007/s10896-019-00048-0.
17. Simmons M, McEwan TE, Purcell R, Ogloff JR. Sixty years of child-to-parent abuse research: What we know and where to go. Aggress Violent Behav 2018; 1; 38:31-52. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.11.001.
18. Nam B, Kim JY, Bright CL, Jang D. Exposure to family violence, peer attachment, and adolescent-to-parent violence. J Interpers Violence 2022; 37:4718-39. doi:10.1177/0886260520960109.
19. Abbaspour Z, Poursardar F, Ghanbari Z, Shahuri S, Shadfar A. [Development and validation of parent abuse scale (boy-mother)]. Quarterly Edu Measure 2018; 21; 8:33-46. (Persian). doi:10.22054/jem.2018.25002.161.
20. Eckstein NJ. Adolescent-to-parent abuse: A communicative analysis of conflict processes presents in the verbal, physical, or emotional abuse of parents. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln; 2002.
21. Cottrell B. Parent abuse: The abuse of parents by their teenage children. Family Violence Prevention Unit, Health Canada; 2001.
22. Contreras L, del Carmen Cano M. Child-to-parent violence: The role of exposure to violence and its relationship to social-cognitive processing. J Adolesc 2016; 1; 8:43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpal.2016.03.003.
23. Holt A. Adolescent-to-parent abuse as a form of “domestic violence” a conceptual review. Trauma Violence Abuse 2016; 17:490-9. doi:10.1177/1524838015584372.
24. Abbaspour Z, Salehi S, Koraei A, Charkhab N, Kardani A. Development and validation of parent abuse scale (girl-mother version). Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2019;30;13. doi:10.5812/ijpbs.83010.
25. Fawzi MH, Fawzi MM, Fouad AA. Parent abuse by adolescents with first-episode psychosis in Egypt. J Adolesc Health 2013; 1; 53:730-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.07.004.
26. Martín AM, Cortina H. Profiles of Adolescents Who Abuse their Parents: A Gender-based Analysis. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica 2023; 8; 33:135-45. doi:10.5093/apj2023a5.
27. Margolin G, Baucom BR. Adolescents' aggression to parents: Longitudinal links with parents' physical aggression. J Adolesc Health 2014; 1; 55:645-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.05.008.
28. Fadda M, Melotto M, Caiata-Zufferey M, Puhan MA, Frei A, Albanese E, et al. Joys or Sorrows of Parenting During the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Scoping Review. Publ Health Rev 2023; 43:1605263. doi:10.3389/phrs.2022.1605263.
29. Eskandarian GH. [Evaluating the consequences of Corona on lifestyle]. Soc Impact AssessQuarterly 2020;1: 65-85. (Persian).
30. Williams ME, Berl MM, Corn E, Ansusinha E, Arroyave‐Wessel M, Zhang A, et al. Positive and negative effects of the COVID‐19 pandemic on families of young children in rural Colombia and implications for child outcome research. Child Care Health Dev 2023;3. 49:825-33. doi:10.1111/cch.13120.
31. Chu KA, Schwartz C, Towner E, Kasparian NA, Callaghan B. Parenting under pressure: A mixed-methods investigation of the impact of COVID-19 on family life. J Affect Disord Rep 2021;1; 5:100161. doi:10.31234/osf.io/zm39b.
32. Jackson D. Broadening constructions of family violence: mothers’ perspectives of aggression from their children. Child Fam Soc Work 2003; 8:321-9. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2206.2003.00298. x.
33. Bobic N. Adolescent violence towards parents. Australian Domestic & Family Violence Clearinghouse 2004;
34. Wilson JO. Physical abuse of parents by adolescent children. The impact of violence on the family: Treatment approaches for therapists and other professionals 1996; 101-22.
35. O’Hara KL, Duchschere JE, Beck CJ, Lawrence E. Adolescent-to-parent violence: Translating research into effective practice. Adolesc Res Rev 2017; 2:181-98. doi:10.1007/s40894-016-0051-y.
36. Cottrell B, Monk P. Adolescent-to-parent abuse: A qualitative overview of common themes. J Fam Issues 2004; 25:1072-95. doi:10.1177/0192513X03261330.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


Ethics code: EE/1400.3.02.37646/scu.ac.ir

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abbaspour Z, Karimi S, Sodani M. Prevalence of Parent Abuse in High School Boy Students during the Coronavirus Pandemic. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2024; 31 (6) :115-126
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-8115-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 31, Issue 6 (2-2024) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.17 seconds with 41 queries by YEKTAWEB 4646