[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
Publication Ethics::
Peer Review Process::
Indexing Databases::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Google Scholar Metrics

Citation Indices from GS

AllSince 2019

Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Registered in



:: Volume 31, Issue 1 (4-2023) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2023, 31(1): 52-59 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence and Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients Referred to the Nephrology Clinic in Ilam
Bahareh Ghiasi1 , Hadis Nazari * 2, Mohammad Amin Babarabiei3 , Afsaneh Raiesifar4
1- Dept of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- Dept of pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran , nazarihadis2014@gmail.com
3- Alzahra Hospital, Esfahan University of Medical Sciences, Esfahan, Iran
4- Dept of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (1103 Views)
Introduction: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing in developed and developing countries, such as Iran. This disorder affects all economic, social, and psychological aspects of the patient’s life. The first step in preventing the spread of a disease is to know the prevalence and causes of the disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of CKD and its causes in those referring to the specialized Nephrology Clinic in Ilam, Iran.
Material & Methods: After obtaining ethics code from Ilam University of Medical Sciences, this descriptive cross-sectional study investigated 2,928 patients referred to Ilam Nephrology Clinic for two years. In this study, the clients were assessed using a 17-item researcher-made questionnaire, and the results of blood and ultrasound tests were evaluated for the presence of CKD and its causes. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 22) using descriptive statistics.
Findings: The majority of patients were male (54.3%) and older than 40 years (47.9%). The prevalence of CKD in patients referred to Ilam Nephrology Clinic was 24.28% the majority of which (32.6%) were in the third stage (30
Discussion & Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, CKD is highly prevalent in Ilam. However, the most common causes of this disease can be prevented and cured. Therefore, appropriate interventions, such as awareness of the disease and its risk factors can prevent the spread and progression of this disorder.
Keywords: Chronic kidney failure, End-stage renal disease, Prevalence, Risk factor
Full-Text [PDF 1106 kb]   (570 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Internal operations( nursing )
Received: 2021/08/30 | Accepted: 2022/10/25 | Published: 2023/04/4
1. Longo D, Fauci A, Kasper D, Hauser S, Jameson J, Loscalzo J. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th Edition: McGraw-Hill Education; 2011.
2. Raiesifar A, Tayebi A, Najafi Mehrii S, Ebadi A, Einollahi B, Tabibi H, et al. Effect of applying continuous care model on quality of life among kidney transplant patients: a randomized clinical trial. Iran J Kidney Dis 2014; 8:139-44.
3. Tol A SS, Moradian Sorkhkoulaei M, Azam K. Determination of Quality of Life of Dialysis and Kidney Transplant Patients Compared to Healthy People. Health Sys Res 2012;7.
4. Kim KM, Oh HJ, Choi HY, Lee H, Ryu D-R. Impact of chronic kidney disease on mortality: A nationwide cohort study. Kidney Res Clin Pract 2019;38:382.doi:10.23876/j.krcp.18.0128.
5. Luyckx VA, Tonelli M, Stanifer JW. The global burden of kidney disease and the sustainable development goals. Bull World Health Organ 2018;96:414-22d. doi:10.2471/BLT.17.206441.
6. Feroze U, Martin D, Reina-Patton A, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Kopple JD. Mental health, depression, and anxiety in patients on maintenance dialysis. Iran J Kidney Dis 2010; 4:173-80.
7. Abassi MR, Safavi A, Haghverdi M, Saedi B. Sleep Disorders in ESRD Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Acta Med Iran 2016; 54:176-84.
8. Hejazi SS, Nikbakht S, Nasiri ZarrinGhabaee D, Akaberi A, Nazari Sheyhaki A. Hope in caregivers and hemodialysis patients. J North Khorasan Uni Med Sci 2015;6:807-17.doi: 10.29252/jnkums.6.4.807.
9. Hosseinpanah F, Kasraei F, Nassiri AA, Azizi F. High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Iran: a large population-based study. BMC Public Health 2009;9:44. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-44.
10. Ene-Iordache B, Perico N, Bikbov B, Carminati S, Remuzzi A, Perna A, et al. Chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular risk in six regions of the world (ISN-KDDC): a cross-sectional study. Lancet Glob Health 2016;4:e307-19. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)00071-1.
11. Malekmakan L, Tadayon T, Roozbeh J, Sayadi M. End-stage Renal Disease in the Middle East: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Iran J Kidney Dis 2018; 12:195-203.
12. Najafi I, Attari F, Islami F, Shakeri R, Malekzadeh F, Salahi R, et al. Renal function and risk factors of moderate to severe chronic kidney disease in Golestan Province, northeast of Iran. PLoS One 2010;5:e14216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014216.
13. Mahdavi-Mazdeh M. Why do we need chronic kidney disease screening and which way to go? Iran J Kidney Dis 2010; 4:275-81.
14. Khajehdehi P, Malekmakan L, Pakfetrat M, Roozbeh J, Sayadi M. Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Contributing Risk Factors in Southern Iran a Cross-sectional Adult Population-based Study. Iran J Kidney Dis 2014; 8:109-15.
15. Sepanlou SG, Barahimi H, Najafi I, Kamangar F, Poustchi H, Shakeri R, et al. Prevalence and determinants of chronic kidney disease in northeast of Iran: Results of the Golestan cohort study. PloS one 2017;12:e0176540. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176540.
16. Shen Q, Jin W, Ji S, Chen X, Zhao X, Behera TR. The association between socioeconomic status and prevalence of chronic kidney disease: A cross-sectional study among rural residents in eastern China. Medicine 2019;98:e14822. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000014822.
17. Hassannia T, Farzadfar F, Noori A, Moradi-Lakeh M, Delavari F, Jamshidi HR, et al. National and sub-national prevalence, trend, and burden of end stage renal diseases (ESRD) in Iran 1990-2013; the study protocol. Arch Iran Med 2014; 17:800-3.
18. Mousavi SS, Soleimani A, Mousavi MB. Epidemiology of end-stage renal disease in Iran: a review article. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2014;25:697-702. doi: 10.4103/13192442.132242.
19. Hadian b, Anbari k, Heidari r. Epidemiologic study of end stage renal disease and related risk factors in patients under hemodialysis in Lorestan province. Yafte 2015; 16:44-53.
20. Erfanpoor S, Etemad K, Khalili D, Khodakarim S, Hadaegh F, Azizi F. Assosition of diabetes and hypertension with the incidence of chronic kidney disease: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. J Shahrekord Uni Med Sci 2017;18:75-90.
21. Aune D, Mahamat-Saleh Y, Norat T, Riboli E. Body fatness, diabetes, physical activity and risk of kidney stones: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Eur J Epidemiol 2018;33:1033-47. doi: 10.1007/s10654-018-0426-4.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


Ethics code: (IR22.40.96.10626)

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghiasi B, Nazari H, Babarabiei M A, Raiesifar A. Prevalence and Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients Referred to the Nephrology Clinic in Ilam. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2023; 31 (1) :52-59
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-7255-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 31, Issue 1 (4-2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.16 seconds with 41 queries by YEKTAWEB 4657