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:: Volume 30, Issue 1 (3-2022) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2022, 30(1): 95-103 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Aqueous Extract of Allium Canadense on the Activity of the Inhibited Acetylcholinesterase Enzyme by Organophosphate Diazinon
Mino Asadi1 , Faranak Hadi * 2, Seyed Hesamuddin Hejazi1 , Farideh Azarbani1
1- Dept of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
2- Dept of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran , hadi.f@lu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1126 Views)
Introduction: Allium genus with more than 900 important breeding and wild species, as a natural and bioactive antioxidant, is widely used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. This study aimed to investigate the effect of antioxidant activity of aqueous extract of Allium canadense and its effect on the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase enzyme and recovery of the inhibited enzyme activity.
Material & Methods: After the preparation of Allium canadense aqueous extract, the antioxidant activity of the extract at the concentrations of 100, 500, and 1000 μg/ml was investigated using DPPH free radical scavenging method. Following that, the activity of serum acetylcholinesterase and its reactivation after inhibition by organophosphate diazinon was evaluated at the concentrations of 100, 500, and 1000 μg/ml of the extract by the Ellman method.
Findings: Inhibition concentration of 50% (IC50) of free radicals of DPPH was 360/19 μg/ml.   Aqueous extract of Allium canadense did not inhibit acetylcholinesterase activity and was added to the concentration dependently. The regeneration of the inhibited enzymes activity was also observed in the vicinity of different concentrations of the aqueous extract of the plant.
Discussion & Conclusion: The aqueous extract of Allium canadense does not inhibit acetylcholinesterase activity; however, it can reactivate the enzyme inhibited by diazinon. The reason for this positive effect may be related to the high antioxidant activity in the extract.
Keywords: Allium canadense, Anti-acetylcholinesterase, Antioxidant activity, Aqueous extract, Organophosphate diazinon
Full-Text [PDF 1184 kb]   (428 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: biochemistry
Received: 2021/04/8 | Accepted: 2021/10/23 | Published: 2022/03/21
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Asadi M, Hadi F, Hejazi S H, Azarbani F. Effect of Aqueous Extract of Allium Canadense on the Activity of the Inhibited Acetylcholinesterase Enzyme by Organophosphate Diazinon. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2022; 30 (1) :95-103
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-7053-en.html

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Volume 30, Issue 1 (3-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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