[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 29, Issue 5 (11-2021) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2021, 29(5): 102-115 Back to browse issues page
Design, Fabrication, and Standardization of Visual Perception Error Measurement Test (Understanding the Size of the Length)
Akbar Malekahmadi * 1, Mehdi Roozbahani2, Hamidreza Hekmat2, Masoud Sadeghi3
1- Dept of Psychology, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran , drakbarmalek95@gmail.com
2- Dept of Psychology, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran
3- Dept of Psychology, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
Abstract:   (637 Views)
Introduction: Visual perception error (VPE), especially in the measurement of physical quantities, is the most important aspect of perception error that has a significant impact on the dimensions of human life. This study aimed to design, fabricate, and standardize the visual perception error test (VPEMT) based on the domains of its distribution in Iranian society, in order to compare different individuals and groups in terms of their scores and means in this domain.
Material & Methods: This descriptive-survey study was conducted using a number of cards with a two-part image of unequal lines, except for one case as a criterion, and was designed in (T) shape and tested on individuals. Finally, VPEMT consisted of 14 cards (Ta, Tb…Tn) with a difference of half a centimeter in the vertical line. A three-choice question was answered and implemented on 90 people of both genders (16-65 years), and the result was considered the base of the study. The statistical population included 15-45-year cases (mean age: 26 years) who lived in Ilam for 9 months. Eventually, a sample of 900 cases of both genders was randomly selected using the block-cluster sampling method and tested with VPEMT.
(Ethic code: 1398.041.CER.B.UAI.RI)
Findings: The validity and reliability of the VPEMT were estimated by halving, within and between experts, and repeated tests (r=0.92 to r=0.98; and r=0.97, respectively). VPE has an almost normal distribution (mean=7.97, median=8, mode=9, dispersion=9, and range between 3 and 12) and diagnostic cut (Td/10) at 80% level, as well as the minimum and maximum error (1.5-6) cm in every 12 centimeters. Estimation of standard error showed the confidence intervals of the mean of the population from the mean of the group at the level of 0.05 (40±1 mm) (41> µ> 39).
Discussion & Conclusion: Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that VPEMT, in showing the amount of VPE, in the population aged 15-45 years, based on two criteria (mean and reality) had very high validity and reliability. It can also be used diagnostically-selectively in different groups in this age range and research. Moreover, it has the potential to be upgraded to an accurate and automated electronic system or software for this purpose in such a way that the subject receives the amount of his/her perception error by pressing the desired key.
Keywords: Criterion, Perception, Visual perception, Visual perception error and test (VPEMT)
Full-Text [PDF 749 kb]   (212 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: psychology
Received: 2021/01/24 | Accepted: 2021/10/16 | Published: 2021/11/8
References
1. Irvani M, Khodapnahi MK. Psychology of Emotion and Perception, 2nd ed, Tehran Samat Publications. 2018; p. 186-9. (Persian).
2. Pourmazar R. The path of transmission of visual sensory signals to the visual cortex of the brain.2020; Source: Binaei com site. (Persian).
3. Zamora A. Illusions and Paradoxes: Seeing is believing? 2020; Source: scientificpsychic.com site.
4. Kitaoka A & Tsuinashi S. Visual Illusions and the Mysteries of Human Perception.2019; Source: ritsumei.ac.jp site.
5. Bumen L. Advanced topics in perception. Bound Psychol 2020; 2:211-29.
6. Shimojo S, Paradiso M, Fujita I. What visual perception tells us about mind and brain? Na Acad Sci USA 2020; 22:12340-1. doi.10.1073 pnas.221383698
7. Naceri S (2017). Psychology and its application in education. 1nd.Education Publications 2017, p. 70-4. (Persian).
8. Mohammadi Twodasghi MR (2017). The Role of Visual Error in Nahaja Air Accidents in the 1980s and the Strategy for Its Prevention. J Military Sci Tech 2017; 42: 139- 113. (Persian).
9. Zeman A, Obst O and Brooks KR. Complex cells decrease errors for the Müller-Lyer illusion in a model of the visual ventral stream.J Comput Neurosci 2014: 8: 1-9. Doi: 10.3389/fncom .2014 .00112.
10. Bays M. Geometric Stability Theory (Munster Model Theory). 2021; version f5f9f04f.
11. Beck DM, Prinzmetal W & Burke D. The tilt-constancy theory of visual illusions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.NCBI 2001; 27: 206-217. DOI: 10.1068.
12. Kopiske KK, Bruno N, Hesse C, Schenk T, Franz VH. The functional subdivision of the visual brain: Is there a real illusion effect on action? A multi-lab replication study.J Cortex 2016; 79:130-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2016.03.020
13. Malla C, Brenner E, Edward HF, Haan E, Smeets JB. A visual illusion that influences ‎perception and action through the ‎dorsal pathway. J Commun Biol2019; 2:38-45. doi.10.1038/s42003-019-0293
14. Beltramo R, Scanziani M. A collicular visual cortex neocortical space for an ancient midbrain visual structure. J Scie 2019;6422: 64-9. doi.10.1126/science.aau7052.
15. Lewis O, Harvey JR. Detection theory sensory and decision processes. Psychol Perce Psycol2021; 1-16.
16. Ayers M. Oxford University Press; knowing and seeing: Groundwork for a new ‎Empiricism. (ch. 1 co-authored with Maria Rosa Antognazza).Oxford University Press. 2019; p.102-8
17. Briscoe R. Actoin-based theories of perception.Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2015; Source:plato.stanford.edu/entries/action-perception.
18. Zavagno D, Daneyko O and Actis-Grosso R. Mishaps, errors, and cognitive experiences: on the conceptualization of perceptual illusions. J Front. Hum. Neurosci 2015; 9:190. Doi: 10.3389 /fnhum.2015.00190.
19. Christensen IP, Wagner HL & Halliday MS. Instand Notes psychology. 2001; 1nd ed.eBook Published 26 Nov 2020; Pub. Location London. p 56-62. doi.org/10.1201/9781003059332.
20. Amiri SH, Shadmehr A, Ashnagar Z, Jalaei SH. Design and construction of reaction time test system and forecasting skills estimation. J Modern Rehabilitation Faculty of Rehabilitation Tehran University of Medical Sci 2012; 2:26-37. (Persian).
21. Miller K and Schier M. HET426 Instrumentation Project – The Flicker Fusion Frequency Tester. 2007(up 2014); p.11. DOI: 10.13140/ 2.1.
22. Neurological Laboratory (Humanities) Institute of Higher Education of Cognitive Sciences. Quoted from the site of the Institute of Cognitive Sciences Education. 2020; (Persian).
23. Nematikia M, Gholami A. Design construction and reliability of atrial sensing device. Mot Behav2014; 14: 33-46.APA. new technologies shed light on the brain's form and function.2014; Source: APA.org.
24. Graybeal J. New technologies shed light on the brains form and function. 2th ed. APA Publication.2014;23-39. 2014;
25. Panahi R. [The brain is a hotbed of new ideas brain and cognition quarterly]. Cogn Sci Technol Dev Head 2020;9: 6-9. (Persian)
26. Ahmadi KH, Javid N (2020). Applications of Cognitive Sciences in Military Sciences - Case Study. J Military Medicine 2020; 1: 12-26. (Persian).
27. Furnham A. 50 Psychology ideas you really need to know series.9 th ed. Greenfinch UK Publication. 2009; P. 112-24.
28. Alipour A, Mardani Valandani Z, Sadeghi Z. Comparison of Müller Lair perceptual error in students according to their superiority, 4th International Conference on Psychology and Social Sciences, Tehran.2March 2015; (Persian).
29. Millar S & Al-Attar Z. The Müller-Lyer illusion in touch and vision: implications for multisensory processes. J AP&P 2002; 3: 353-365.
30. Raja'i M, Safavi SH, Movahedi AR(2020). The effect of Abinghaus visual acuity training (Large Goal Perception-Small Goal Perception) on the performance of targeting skills in context-independent and context-dependent individuals. J.Motor Behavior 2020; 39: 33-50. (Persian).
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Malekahmadi A, Roozbahani M, Hekmat H, Sadeghi M. Design, Fabrication, and Standardization of Visual Perception Error Measurement Test (Understanding the Size of the Length). Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2021; 29 (5) :102-115
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-6981-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 29, Issue 5 (11-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.15 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4541