[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 29, Issue 2 (5-2021) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2021, 29(2): 1-12 Back to browse issues page
Identification of Hazards and Risk Assessment among Various Units of Ilam Gas Refinery using the Integrated Approach of Bow-tie and FMEA Methods
Meghdad Kazemi1 , Alimohammad Abbasi1 , Mehrdad Kazemi1 , Narges Jamshidzadeh1 , Mohammad Amin Rashidi * 2
1- Dept of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- Student Research Committee, Dept of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , rashidi.mohammadamin74@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1976 Views)
Introduction: Risk assessment is a systematic and essential procedure to determine the effects, events, and consequences of human activities on perilous systems. This study aimed to identify the hazards and determine the total risk of various units of Ilam Gas Refinery.
 
Materials & Methods: This descriptive-inferential study assessed the risks on 18 various units of Ilam Gas Refinery through a combination of Bow-tie and FMEA methods. Initially, the top event, threats, consequences, as well as preventive and recovery measures were identified using the Bow-tie method. Afterward, Risk Priority Number (multiplying severity, occurrence, and detection) was obtained by FMEA. Finally, the risk level was divided into three groups of low, moderate, and high crisis.
Findings: Based on Bow-Tie, the release activity of H2S gas was introduced as the top event. Furthermore, tank leakage and burst, corrosion and wear of pipes and fittings, human error, poor operating conditions, and natural factors in the threat role, as well as damages to human and environmental resources and financial losses were identified as consequences. Based on FMEA, the hazard of tank leakage and burst with two effects of human and environmental damages was in the level of high (major) crisis and was recognized as the most important hazard.
 
Discussions & Conclusions: Gas refineries are faced with many hazards due to the nature of the work process. The integrated approach of Bow-tie and FMEA is a suitable method for risk assessment in such industries.
 
Keywords: Bow-tie, FMEA, Gas Refinery, Risk Assessment
Full-Text [PDF 686 kb]   (3256 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: health and safety professionals
Received: 2020/09/5 | Accepted: 2021/02/8 | Published: 2021/05/31
References
1. Kamaei M, Alizadeh SSA, Keshvari A, Kheyrkhah Z, Moshashaei P. [Risk assessment and consequence modeling of Bleve explosion wave phenomenon of LPG spherical tank in a refinery]. JHSW2016;6:10-24. (Persian)
2. Jafari MJ, Askarian AR, Omidi L, Lavasani MRM, Taghavi L, Ashori AR. [The assessment of independent layers of protection in gas sweet ening towers of two gas refineries]. J Saf Promot Inj Prev2014;2:103-12. (Persian)
3. Asghari B, Omidvari M. [Probability assessment of chemical liquid release at floating roof storage tank in the oil refinery by fuzzy fault tree analysis]. IOH2018;15:8-20. (Persian)
4. Mirzaeialiabadi M, Mohammadfam I, Kalatpour O, Babayimesdaraghi Y. [Risk assessment of liquefied petroleum gas storage tanks in the process industries using the bow tie technique]. JOHE 2016;3:1-11. (Persian) doi.10.21859/johe-03021
5. Karami J, Karimi S. [HSE hazard analysis in iran yasa rubber industry using the approach hemp and bow tie]. SSUOHHP2019;3:51-62. (Persian)
7. De Ruijter A, Guldenmund F. The bowtie method: A review. Safety Science. 2016;88:211-8. Doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.03.001
8. Mohammadzadeh Bahar H, Nabi Bidhendi g. [Assessment of critical fire risks in an industrial estate using a combination of fuzzy logic expert elicitation bow tie and monte Carlo methods]. JOHE2019;5:57-6. (Persian) doi.10.29252/johe.5.4.57
9. Jacinto C, Silva C. A semi quantitative assessment of occupational risk using bow tie representation. Saf Sci 2010;48:973-9. doi.10.1016/j.ssci.2009.08.008
10. Mulcahy MB, Boylan C, Sigmann S, Stuart R. Using bowtie methodology to support laboratory hazard identification, risk management, and incident analysis. J Chem Health Saf2017;24:14-20. doi.10.1016/J.JCHAS.2016.10.003
11. Heyrani P, Baghaei A. [Risk assessment in gas and oil pipelines based on the fuzzy bow tie technique]. JHSW 2016;6:59-70. (Persian)
12. Purton L, Clothier R, Kourousis K. Assessment of technical airworthiness in military aviation: implementation and further advancement of the bow tie model. Procedia Engineering 2014;80:529-44. doi.10.1016/j.proeng.2014.09.110
13. Mohammadian M, Hashemi Nejad N. [Hazard analysis in poly van house factory using Fmea method]. JJUMS2015;1:49-58. (Persian)
14. Ouache R, Adham AA. Safety instrumented systems between reliability and fuzzy. Int J Inf Syst Eng2014;2:173-85.
15. Mirmohammadi T, NaseriPouya Z, Hosseinalipour Z. [Risk factors assessment in educational equipment manufacturers company using Fmea]. J Health Res Com 2016;2:9-18. (Persian)
16. Mirzaeealiabadi M, Mohammadfam I, Ahmadigahar A. [Root causes analysis of the Blow out of oil and gas wells in the drilling industry using bow tie analysis]. IOH 2019;15:16-24. (Persian)
17. Hamidan N, Dashti S. [Risk assessment of oil reservoirs of amout arvand free zone area at the explotiation phase using Fmea method]. ARUMS Health2018;9:389-402. (Persian) doi.10.29252/j.health.9.4.389
18. Tang Y, Jing J, Zhang Z, Yang Y. A Quantitative Risk Analysis Method for the High Hazard Mechanical System in Petroleum and Petrochemical Industry. Energies 2017;11:14. doi. 10.3390/en11010014
19. Askarian A, Jafari M J, Omidi L, Mirilavasani M R, Taghavi L, et al. Hazard identification and risk assessment in two gas refinery units. Health Scope2018; 7:68252. doi. 10.5812/jhealthscope.68252.
20. Zhang P, Qin G, Wang Y. Risk assessment system for oil and gas pipelines laid in one ditch based on quantitative risk analysis. Energies2019;12:981. doi. 10.3390/en12060981
21. Shahriar A, Sadiq R, Tesfamariam S. Risk analysis for oil and gas pipelines a sustainability assessment approach using fuzzy based bow tie analysis. J Los Preve Proce Ind 2012;25:505-23. doi.10.1016/j.jlp.2011.12.007
22. Muniz MVP, Lima GBA, Caiado RGG, Quelhas OLG. Bow tie to improve risk management of natural gas pipelines. Proce Saf Prog 2018;37:169-75. doi.10.1002/prs.11901
23. Ferdous R, Khan F, Sadiq R, Amyotte P, Veitch B. Analyzing system safety and risks under uncertainty using a bow tie diagram an innovative approach. Proce Saf Environ Protection. 2013;91:1-18. doi.10.1016/j.psep.2011.08.010
24. Ebrahemzadih M, Foroghinasab F, Mortazavi M, Soltanigerdefaramarzi R. [Analysis of Processing Accidents due to H2S in Clot Stuck Unit of one of the South Pars Refineries leakage using determination of safe privacy approach]. SSUJ 2015;7:11-8. (Persian)
25. Minabi A, Atabi F, Moattar F, Jafari M J. [Simulation of concentrations and dispersion of hydrogen sulfide h2s due to incinerators of sulfur recovery units in a gas refinery in asaluyeh]. JEHE 2017; 4 :279-88. (Persian) doi.10.18869/acadpub.jehe.4.4.279
26. Selvan T, Siddqui N. Risk assessment study for LPG storage and handling system of heat treatment plant. Int J Emerg Technol Adv Eng2015;5:216.
27. Yan F, Xu K, Yao X, Li Y. Fuzzy bayesian network bow tie analysis of gas leakage during biomass gasification. Plos One 2016;11: 160045. doi.10.1371/journal.pone.0160045
28. Ghasemi S, Yavari K, Mahmoudvand R, Sahabi B, Naeim A. [A new method for determining insurability of risks in gas refineries using the failure mode and effect analysis method]. J Econ Polic 2015;7:1-26. (Persian)
29. Mahdavi S, Rasti Pisheh P, Jozekanaani M. [Safety assessment of glycol recovery unit in a gas refinery by failure mode and effects analysis technique]. JOHE2016;5:151-9. doi. 10.18869/acadpub.johe.5.3.151
30. Vazdani S, Sabzghabaei GR, Dashti S, Cheraghi M, Alizadeh R, Hemmati A. Application of FMEA model for environmental safety and health risks assessment of gas condensates storage tanks of parsian gas refining company in 2016. RUMSJ 2018;17:345-58. doi. 10.26480/ees.02.2017.16.18
31. Omidvar M, Nirumand F. [Risk assessment using FMEA method and on the basis of MCDM, fuzzy logic and grey theory a case study of overhead cranes]. JHSW. 2017; 7:63-76. (Persian)
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA

Ethics code: 924017/57



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kazemi M, Abbasi A, Kazemi M, Jamshidzadeh N, Rashidi M A. Identification of Hazards and Risk Assessment among Various Units of Ilam Gas Refinery using the Integrated Approach of Bow-tie and FMEA Methods. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2021; 29 (2) :1-12
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-6750-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 29, Issue 2 (5-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.14 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4541