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:: Volume 28, Issue 5 (12-2020) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2020, 28(5): 64-75 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effect of Parent Management Training and Play Therapy on Anxiety and Social Problems of Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Bahareh Aeini1 , Kobra Haji alizadeh * 2
1- Dept of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2- Dept of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran , ph_alizadeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2143 Views)
Introduction: Children with the oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) suffer from numerous intrapersonal and interpersonal problems. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of parent management training (PMT) and play therapy on anxiety and social problems of children with ODD.
 
Materials & Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted based on a pretest-posttest design with one control and two experimental groups. The statistical population consisted of all elementary female students with a diagnosis of ODD in Bandar Abbas, Iran, during 2018. This study included 45 female adolescents who were selected through the purposive sampling method and divided into three groups of PMT, play therapy, and control. Mothers of children with ODD in the PMT group were investigated in this study. The data were collected using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and analyzed in SPSS software (version 22) through ANCOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test. Ethics code: IR.HUMS.REC.1398.128
 
Findings: The results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups regarding anxiety (F=6.43, P<0.05) and social problems (F=14.14, P<0.05) of children with ODD at the posttest. However, no significant difference was observed between the PMT and play therapy groups.
 
Discussions & Conclusions: According to the findings, PMT and play therapy can be used as effective ways to reduce the intrapersonal and interpersonal problems of children with ODD.
 
Keywords: Anxiety, Oppositional defiant, Parent training, Play therapy, Social problems
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education vartqa slamt
Received: 2019/12/12 | Accepted: 2020/09/9 | Published: 2020/12/30
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Aeini B, Haji alizadeh K. Comparison of the Effect of Parent Management Training and Play Therapy on Anxiety and Social Problems of Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2020; 28 (5) :64-75
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-6220-en.html


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Volume 28, Issue 5 (12-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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