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:: Volume 28, Issue 1 (3-2020) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2020, 28(1): 12-26 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Aerobic Training in Combination with Stem Cells on Inflammatory Biomarker Levels in the Heart Tissue of Rat Model of Osteoarthritis
Jasem Jalilian1 , Naser Behpoor * 2, Sedigheh Hosseinpour delavar1 , Parvin Farzanegi3
1- Dept of Exercise Physiology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
2- Dept of Exercise Physiology, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran , n_behpoor@yahoo.com
3- Dept of Exercise Physiology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (3161 Views)
Introduction: Osteoarthritis is a common and painful joint disease with unknown etiology. Interleukin 10 (IL-10) and Alfa tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) are considered as the main factors regulating inflammation and pathology of knee osteoarthritis. This study aimed to investigate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and aerobic training on inflammatory biomarkers (IL-10, TNF- α) in the heart tissue of osteoarthritis rats.
Materials & Methods: This experimental study included 42 male rats that were divided into two groups of osteoarthritis (n=35) and healthy control (n=7). Osteoarthritis was induced in rats by surgery. Subsequently, the rat models of osteoarthritis were randomly divided into five subgroups of seven per group, including control, saline, stem cell, aerobic training, and aerobic training+stem cell. The aerobic training program began with the speed of 15 m/min for 25 min five days a week for eight weeks. Moreover, the speed was increased to 22 m/min for 64 min in the eighth week. Inflammatory biomarkers, including TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines in the heart tissue of rats were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc test. Ethics code:NO.19.33.2018
Findings: The TNF-α concentration was significantly higher in saline and unhealthy control groups, compared to other groups, and IL-10 concentration was significantly lower in saline and unhealthy control groups, compared to other groups (P<0.001). Moreover, aerobic training and stem cell, in combination or alone, caused a significant increase in IL-10 concentration and a significant decrease in TNF-α concentration (P<0.001).
Discussion & Conclusions: Osteoarthritis caused an increase in heart cell inflammation. Although stem cells have anti-inflammatory effects, they will be more effective when used in combination with aerobic training.
Keywords: Aerobic training, Inflammation, Osteoarthritis, Stem cell
Full-Text [PDF 1127 kb]   (1160 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physical Education
Received: 2019/09/26 | Accepted: 2019/12/21 | Published: 2020/03/29
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Jalilian J, Behpoor N, Hosseinpour delavar S, Farzanegi P. Effect of Aerobic Training in Combination with Stem Cells on Inflammatory Biomarker Levels in the Heart Tissue of Rat Model of Osteoarthritis. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2020; 28 (1) :12-26
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-6023-en.html

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Volume 28, Issue 1 (3-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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