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:: Volume 15, Issue 4 (1-2008) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2008, 15(4): 31-41 Back to browse issues page
Relations between self-esteem and applying coping mechanism and self-care program in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients
Abstract:   (14888 Views)
Abstract Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and incurable disease of central nervous system that leads to decrease self-esteem in such patients, and they should cope with disability of this chronic disease. The purpose of this study was to determine any relations between the level of self-esteem and applying coping mechanisms and self-care programs by multiple sclerosis patients (MS) in Tehran. Materials & methods: This study has a semi-experimental design accomplished in an accessible method in Iranian MS Society (2002-3). 38 educated patients (between 15-50 years old) with signs of this disease were selected. The data were collected via personal questionnaires, problems list, Cooper and smith standard questionnaires for self-esteem, Jalowice standard coping scale and self-report checklists that before and after interventions were completed by the patients. Self-care program was taught and performed for one month period, then the data before and after interventions were analyzed by applied SPSS soft ware, descriptive statistics and paired t-test, Wilcoxon, Chi-square and independent T tests. Findings: The paired T-test showed significant difference between self-esteem of patients before and after education,(p=0/000). Data analysis showed that before and after intervention, patients with higher self-esteem used more problem-focused coping than the patients with lower self-esteem (P=0/001), and patients with lower self-esteem used more affective-focused coping (P=0/000). Also, patients with higher self-esteem applied more self-care program in order to solve their problems, (P=0/001) . Conclusion: According to these findings, self-care education improves self-esteem in patients and self-esteem promotion in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients has a direct relation with an increase in applying problem-focused coping and self-care programs by them.
Keywords: sclerosis (MS), self-esteem, problem-focused coping, self care
Full-Text [PDF 465 kb]   (3609 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/01/27 | Accepted: 2015/04/21 | Published: 2015/04/21
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Relations between self-esteem and applying coping mechanism and self-care program in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients . J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2008; 15 (4) :31-41
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-56-en.html

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Volume 15, Issue 4 (1-2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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