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:: Volume 27, Issue 5 (12-2019) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2019, 27(5): 37-43 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of the Causes of Disability among Adolescents Under 14 Years of Age in Ilam during 2018
Jahanshah Mohammadzadeh *
Dept of Social Science, Faculty of Human Science, Ilam University, Ilam , Iran , jahansham252@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2724 Views)
Introduction: Disability is an unavoidable fact which has been existed as a social phenomenon in communities from the past until now. There are different reasons for the emergence of this phenomenon which can be identified and prevented, thereby lowering the incident rate of disability in communities. This descriptive-analytical study aimed at investigating the causes of disability among adolescents under 14 years of age in Ilam, Iran.
Materials & Methods: This study included 694 participants (336 males and 270 females) who were selected using a census sampling method. The data were collected through a researcher-made questioner, and subsequently, they were analyzed using descriptive (i.e., Frequency and Frequency percent) and inferential statistics (i.e., the Chi-square test).  
Findings: The results showed that consanguineous marriage, congenital factors, literacy, and gender correlated significantly with disability (P<0.0001). In total, 74.8% of the disability among individuals was related to congenital factors.
Discussion & Conclusions: Regarding this fact that the majority of disabilities are related to congenital factors, more attention should be paid to the maternal health, illness, infections, good and efficient nutrition, affective and psychological problems, as well as exposure to air pollution during pregnancy which can have remarkable effects on children.
Keywords: Adolescents, Causes of disability, Ilam, Under 14 years of age, Welfare organization
Full-Text [PDF 422 kb]   (2190 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: psychology
Received: 2018/08/25 | Accepted: 2018/08/28 | Published: 2019/12/31
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Mohammadzadeh J. Investigation of the Causes of Disability among Adolescents Under 14 Years of Age in Ilam during 2018. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2019; 27 (5) :37-43
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-5147-en.html

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Volume 27, Issue 5 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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