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:: Volume 27, Issue 5 (12-2019) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2019, 27(5): 15-23 Back to browse issues page
Prediction of Cardiovascular Diseases Using an Optimized Artificial Neural Network
Jalal Rezaeenoor * 1, Ghofran Saadi2 , Meysam Jahani3
1- Dept of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, University of Qom, Qom, Iran , j. rezaee@qom. ac. ir
2- Dept of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, University of Qom, Qom, Iran
3- Dept of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, University of Esfehan, Esfehan, Iran
Abstract:   (3140 Views)
Introduction:  It is of utmost importance to predict cardiovascular diseases correctly. Therefore, it is necessary to utilize those models with a minimum error rate and maximum reliability. This study aimed to combine an artificial neural network with the genetic algorithm to assess patients with myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure.
 
Materials & Methods: This study utilized a multi-layer perceptron artificial neural network and a backpropagation algorithm combined with a genetic algorithm to assess the condition of two patients with cardiovascular diseases. The medical records of 497 patients with cardiovascular diseases at Ayatollah Golpayegani Hospital, Qom, Iran, were collected using a clustering sampling method. The data were analyzed using a Receiver Operating Characteristics Curve. Eventually, the data, including personal and clinical variables of patients (i.e., age, gender, dyspnea, blood pressure variations, and blood test results) were selected using sigmoid-transfer and tangent-sigmoid functions. Following that, the neural network was trained with 19 input neurons and 5 middle-layer neurons.
 
Findings: According to the results, a neural network with 5 middle-layer neurons has more precision, compared to other modes. Therefore, it is possible to predict myocardial infarction in the patients using this neural network with a minimum of 97.7% precision.
 
Discussion & Conclusions: An artificial neural network was combined with a genetic algorithm and proposed as a model to predict myocardial infarction in this study. Moreover, it was attempted to utilize important and cost-effective factors for cardiovascular diseases. As a result, the patients can be aware of their disease at the lowest cost.
 
Keywords: Artificial neural network, cardiovascular disease, Data mining, Genetic algorithm, Prediction
Full-Text [PDF 854 kb]   (1845 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: immunology
Received: 2018/08/19 | Accepted: 2019/09/15 | Published: 2019/12/31
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Rezaeenoor J, Saadi G, Jahani M. Prediction of Cardiovascular Diseases Using an Optimized Artificial Neural Network. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2019; 27 (5) :15-23
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-5138-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 27, Issue 5 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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