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:: Volume 26, Issue 5 (1-2019) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2019, 26(5): 61-70 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Apium graveolens on Semen Quality and Spermatogenesis in Subchronic Toxicity by Diazinon in Rats
Reihaneh Ghasemi1 , Fereshteh Mir Mohammadrezaei * 2, Sima Nasri1 , Amir Nili ahmadabadi3
1- Dept of Biology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2- Dept of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran , fereshteh.mmrezaei@gmail.com
3- Dept of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran
Abstract:   (4096 Views)
Introduction: Infertility is one of the most important health problems in developing countries. Long-term exposure to organophosphate insecticides can affect semen quality. This study aimed to investigate the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Apium graveolens on semen quality and spermatogenesis in subchronic exposure to diazinon in rats.
Materials & Methods: This study was conducted on 30 male Wistar rats. The rats were divided into five groups. The rats in group1 (control) did not receive any treatment, those group 2 (sham) were given corn oil and saline (500 µL). Group 3 consisted of rats received diazinon (16 mg/kg body weight). Rats in group 4 and 5 were treated with 100 and 200 mg/kg of hydroalcoholic extract of Apium graveolens and Diazinon, respectively. The number, motility, and viability of sperms were determined after two months, and tissue sections were stained by hematoxylin-eosin after the fixation of testis.
Findings: The findings of this study showed that the number and motility of sperms significantly decreased in diazinon group, compared to sham group (P<0.001). The number of sperm remarkably increased in the group that received diazinon and high dose of Apium graveolens extract in comparison with diazinon group (P<0.001). The number of primary spermatocytes and spermatids increased in dose of 200 mg/kg of Apium graveolens extract (P<0.05). In addition, low-dose Apium graveolens extract (100 mg/kg) could significantly increase the sperms motility, compared to diazinon group (P<0.001). 
Discussion & Conclusions: It seems Apium graveolens extract can improve sperm quality, as well as spermatogenesis against diazinon toxicity.   
Keywords: Diazinon, Apium graveolen extract, Sperm, Rat
Full-Text [PDF 843 kb]   (970 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: toxicology
Received: 2017/03/14 | Accepted: 2017/10/18 | Published: 2019/01/15
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ghasemi R, Mir Mohammadrezaei F, nasri S, Nili ahmadabadi A. Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Apium graveolens on Semen Quality and Spermatogenesis in Subchronic Toxicity by Diazinon in Rats. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2019; 26 (5) :61-70
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-4198-en.html

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Volume 26, Issue 5 (1-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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