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:: Volume 26, Issue 1 (5-2018) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2018, 26(1): 141-153 Back to browse issues page
Efficacy of PNF and Classic Physiotherapy Stretching Exercises on the Balance and Function in Patellofemoral Syndrome Patients
Afshin Keyhanfar * 1, Seyyed hossein Hosseini2
1- Dept of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Payam-e-Noor University of Garmsar, Garmsar, Iran , edu.manag@gmail.com
2- Dept of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (6539 Views)

Introduction: Stretching the shortened structures by stretch exercises is one of the most effective methods for function improvement in patients with patellofemoral pain. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and Classic physiotherapy stretching (CPS) exercises on the balance and function in patellofemoral pain patients.
Materials & Methods: This was a semi-experimental research in which 33 women with patellofemoral pain syndrome were randomly divided into three PNF (n=11), CPS (n=11) and control (n=11) groups. The PNF group participated in the quadriceps and hamstring PNF for two months, the CPS members participated in the Classic physiotherapy stretching exercisesfor the same period, while the control group did not participate in any exercise program. The function, static as well as dynamic balances were measured by WOMAC scale, Sharpend Romberg test, and SEBT,  respectively. Data were analyzed by ANOVA repeated measures at significance level of 0.05.
Findings: As there were  no differences between functions and balances of different groups, (P>0.05) before training interventions, PNF group’s knees functions improved significantly compared to CPS (P<0.01) and control groups, (P=0.003), after the intervention, and also a significant improvement developed in CPS group, compared to the control group, (P=0.014) Furthermore, static and dynamic balance among PNF group patients significantly increased compared to CPS and control groups, (P<0.001). However, no significant difference was observed between CPS and control groups, (P>0.05).
Discussion & Conclusions: According to the conclusions of our research, PNF training is more effective in improving function and balance patients with patellofemoral pain; although, classic physiotherapy stretching exercises are often used for the treatment of such patients. Hence, applying  PNF exercises for the treatment of such diseases are recommended to physiotherapists and rehabilitation professionals.

Keywords: patellofemoral pain syndrome, physiotherapy, PNF exercises, function, balance
Full-Text [PDF 1011 kb]   (4325 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/09/7 | Accepted: 2016/12/19 | Published: 2018/05/20
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Keyhanfar A, Hosseini S H. Efficacy of PNF and Classic Physiotherapy Stretching Exercises on the Balance and Function in Patellofemoral Syndrome Patients . J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2018; 26 (1) :141-153
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-3795-en.html

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Volume 26, Issue 1 (5-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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