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:: Volume 22, Issue 7 (in press 2015) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2015, 22(7): 56-66 Back to browse issues page
The study of Preventive and Impeller Factors of Prevalent Cancers Screening Tests in Women in Kashan during 2013
Abstract:   (6734 Views)
Introduction: Cancers are one of the main causes of death in human societies. No-wadays, cancer screening tests are used for early detection and on time treatment in the early stages of disease. It is important to improve the consequences, survival rate, and saving patient´s life. This study was done to investigate the preventive and impeller factors of common cancers by screening tests for women in Kashan city. Materials & Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 851 married wo-men (15-70 years old) in Kashan. Samples were selected by simple sampling method among married women referred to health centers of Kashan. For data collection, a questionnaire consisting of three parts was used: Demographic information, breast self-examination, mammography and Pap smear and study of preventive and impeller factors in screening tests. Descriptive and analy-tical information was analyzed by Chi-sq-uare test in SPSS Findings: The results showed that 75.2% of the subjects were 40 years old. The main impeller factors to do Pap smear screening included: Seriousness of cancer (%64.9), advice of health personnel (%57.9), and accessibility to health care centers (%55.1). In this respect, breast self-examination received a percentage of 58.2, 47, and %41.2, respectively, and mammograp-hy had a percentage of 15, 9, and %9, respectively. The most important preventive factors for screening tests (all of three mentioned tests) were included absence of problems, unawareness of cancer risk, and the fear of inflicting with cancer. Discussion & Conclusion: According to the results, women's awareness about the importance of early detection of breast and uterine diseases leads to their participation in the screening programs.
Keywords: Preventive factors, screening, breast self-examination, Pap smear, mam-mography
Full-Text [PDF 465 kb]   (1862 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: community medicine
Received: 2015/03/7 | Accepted: 2015/03/7 | Published: 2015/03/7
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The study of Preventive and Impeller Factors of Prevalent Cancers Screening Tests in Women in Kashan during 2013. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2015; 22 (7) :56-66
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-2574-en.html


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Volume 22, Issue 7 (in press 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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