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:: Volume 24, Issue 2 (6-2016) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2016, 24(2): 119-129 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Brain-Behavioral Systems in Internet Addiction: With Regard to Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory
Morteza Fayazi * 1, Jafar Hasani2 , Shahram Mohammadkhani2
1- Dept of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran , mfayazy@ymail.com
2- Dept of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (7196 Views)

Introduction: There were many conflicts about involvement of Internet addiction in fifth version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders (DSM-V). As personality characteristics are one of the risk factors of risky behaviors, this study have investigated the role of neurobehavioral factors of personality in Internet addiction.

Materials & Methods: This study is a correlational study. For this procedure, among all students of Kharazmi university of Tehran, 359 participants (196 male and 163 female) were selected through Multi-stage cluster sampling. They answered Jackson-5 scale and Young’s Internet addiction test. Data were analyzed by stepwise regression method by SPSS.22.

Findings: Analyzing data showed that Freeze and Fight of Fight/Flight/Freeze system could predict Internet addiction (P<0.001, R= 0.40, R2= 0.16). After analyzing genders separately, Freeze, Flight, and Fight could predict addiction in males (P<0.001, R= 0.55, R2= 0.30), but only Fight and Freeze predicted addiction in females (P<0.001, R= 0.26, R2= 0.07).

Discussion & Conclusions: From all brain-behavioral systems, only fear and sensitivity to threatening stimuli affects Internet addiction. This imply that Internet addiction is somehow different from other risky behaviors; therefore, to prevent and treat Internet addiction, sensitivity to punishment and fear should be considered more important than sensitivity to reward.

Keywords: Brain-behavioral systems, Internet addiction, Reinforcement sensitivity theory
Full-Text [PDF 719 kb]   (3705 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: clinical psychology
Received: 2015/03/6 | Accepted: 2015/10/25 | Published: 2016/06/25
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Fayazi M, Hasani J, Mohammadkhani S. The Role of Brain-Behavioral Systems in Internet Addiction: With Regard to Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2016; 24 (2) :119-129
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-2572-en.html


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Volume 24, Issue 2 (6-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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