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:: Volume 21, Issue 6 (12-2013) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2013, 21(6): 63-70 Back to browse issues page
Determination of the Most Important Factors Influencing the Fertility Patterns of Single Child and Without Child Families in Shahr-e-kord City in 2013
M Mobasheri , M Alidosti , S Sorshajani * 1, F Khosravi , P Khalafian , M Jalilian
1- , heidari_1983@skums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (16282 Views)
Introduction: The rapid decline in fertility rate and disassembling in the balance of age pyramid can exert irreparable damages to the country's economic and social structu-res. In this study, effective factors which could affect the fertility patterns among families with one or without child were investigated. Materials & Methods: In this cross-sect-ional study, 180 married women were recr-uited from many health centers by random simple sampling. Inclusion criteria were married women who had married at least 2 years ago and with no child as well as the married women who had only a child over 4 years old. Data collection instrument was a valid and reliable researcher-designed questionnaire (α=0.73) used to determine demographic data and to measure maternal attitudes toward childbearing. The data was analyzed by the SPSS software, version 16.0. Findings: Mean of score for attitude tow-ard childbearing was 48.29±13.64 and there was a significant direct relationship betw-een the score of attitude and age, age at the time of marriage, duration of marriage and education. Causes of disinclined to child bearing were noted by the highest perce-ntage of participants(83.3%) as increase in costs and economic pressures and by the lowest percentage of participants(8.3%) as fear of recurrent miscarriage and stillbirth. Discussion & Conclusion: Three important factors, that is, high costs and economic pressure, lack of governmental support and facilities for childbearing and the wrong attitude that having more children is a sign of poor social culture, were among the ones that had affected childbearing. Hence it is recommended that the authorities consider the factors in population policy making.
Keywords: affecting factors, fertility, single child families, families without children, Shahr-e-kord
Full-Text [PDF 406 kb]   (7786 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: immunology
Received: 2013/12/25 | Accepted: 2013/12/25 | Published: 2013/12/25
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mobasheri M, alidosti M, sorshajani S, khosravi F, khalafian P, jalilian M. Determination of the Most Important Factors Influencing the Fertility Patterns of Single Child and Without Child Families in Shahr-e-kord City in 2013. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2013; 21 (6) :63-70
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-1435-en.html

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Volume 21, Issue 6 (12-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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