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:: Volume 21, Issue 4 (10-2013) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2013, 21(4): 263-272 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the Efficacy of Cationic Biopolymer Chitosan and Inorganic Coagulant Poly Aluminum Chloride in the Removal of Water Turbidity
R Uosofi , H Moazed , H Karimi * 1, H Nourmoradi , F Radmanesh
1- , ilam_haji@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (25120 Views)
Introduction: The development of health and protection of environment is depended on the provision of safe and clean water. The turbidity of water comes from the suspended and colloidal matters contained in it. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the efficiency of natural coagulant chitosan with poly aluminum chloride (PACl) in the removal of water turbidity. Chitosan is a cationic biopolymer with high molecular weight that is produced from the crust of crustaceans like shrimp and crab. Materials & Methods: This investigation was performed, in the laboratory scale, on water samples containing synthetic water turbidity by applying kaolin in high, middle, and low turbidities. The first phase of tests aimed to determine the optimum concentration of the coagulants chitosan and poly aluminum chloride and the efficiency of turbidity removing. The second stage of experiments aimed to determine the optimum pH and the effect of coagulant on the water pH. Findings: Optimum dosages of chitosan for removing the turbidities 1000, 500, 50 and 10 NTU were 10, 6.5, 1.5 and 1 mg/L, respectively and the optimum PH values were also 8, 8, 7.5, and 8, respectively. Optimum dosages of PACl in the respected turbidities were 28, 18, 15 and 12 mg/L, respectively and the optimum PH values were also 8, 7.5, 7.5, and 8, correspondingly. Discussion & Conclusion: The results showed that only in the turbidity 10 NTU, the efficiency of poly aluminum chloride was better than the efficiency of chitosan. In other turbidities, chitosan showed better performance. Chitosan had a lower effect on the water PH, while PACl had a noticeable effect on the water PH. The optimum dosage of chitosan was less than that of PACl in all turbidities. At different levels of turbidity, the optimum concentration of chitosan was significantly lower in comparison with poly aluminum chloride. Coagulant dose reduction decreases the cost of water treatment. This subject is one of the advantages of the bioorganic polymer, chitosan, to the inorganic coagulant, poly aluminum chloride, in the refinement of water with considering the economic aspects. Chitosan, in contrast to poly aluminum chloride, had little effect on the water pH.
Keywords: Chitosan, PolyAluminum Chloride (PACl), Turbidity, Coagulation, water treatment.
Full-Text [PDF 404 kb]   (4363 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental health
Received: 2013/10/15 | Accepted: 2013/10/15 | Published: 2013/10/15
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uosofi R, Moazed H, karimi H, nourmoradi H, radmanesh F. Comparing the Efficacy of Cationic Biopolymer Chitosan and Inorganic Coagulant Poly Aluminum Chloride in the Removal of Water Turbidity. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2013; 21 (4) :263-272
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-1272-en.html

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Volume 21, Issue 4 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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