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:: Volume 25, Issue 4 (11-2017) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2017, 25(4): 99-107 Back to browse issues page
Identifying unsafe Behaviors with Safety Behavior Sampling Method among Workers of Ilam Gas Refinery in 2013
Zeinab Garavand1 , Hojatolla Kakaei * 2, Feyzollah Mirzaie3 , Kobra Jamshidzadeh3 , Mehdi Zeydimofrad3 , Yousef Gravand4 , Abdolhoseyn Poornajaf3
1- Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran
2- Dept of Occupational Health, Faculty of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , hojatkakaei@gmail.com
3- Dept of Occupational Health, Faculty of Public Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
4- Dept of Business Management, Faculty of Management, University of Payamnoor Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (6145 Views)
Introduction: Gas Refinery is one of the strategic industries in the country and the events happening there can cause irreparable damage, therefore it is very important to control events and identify its causes. This study conducted also aims to identify the types of unsafe behavior that is one of the causes of accidents in refineries.
Materials & methods: In this cross-sectional study using the safety sampling technique and enjoying observation method and Tarrant checklist, unsafe act of workers were studied. To complete demographic profile of workers, they were interviewed. To determine the amount and types of unsafe behavior with a pilot study sample size, the view was set in 1878. For data analysis, SPSS software and chi-square test were used.
Findings: The results showed that 32.2% of workers' behaviors are unsafe. The highest unsafe behavior and its types in Mechanical Repair (33/1%) and non-use or inappropriate use of personal protective equipment (10/6%) were observed, respectively. Also, relationship between unsafe acts of workers with the unit, job, education level, work experience, previous accident history, hours and days were statistically significant (p <0/05), but relationship between unsafe acts with age and marital status were not significant (p> 0/05).
Discussion & conclusions: Given that most unsafe behavior was in mechanical maintenance unit and the most types it was inappropriate use of personal protective equipment, to reduce these behaviors, continuous monitoring of workers, training courses on the principles of behavior-based safety, creating a safety culture and safety climate and use of scientific expertise of university researchers were recommended.
Keywords: Unsafe behavior, Behavior sampling, Gas refinery, Ilam
Full-Text [PDF 485 kb]   (2878 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/07/12 | Accepted: 2016/07/13 | Published: 2017/11/22
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Garavand Z, Kakaei H, Mirzaie F, Jamshidzadeh K, Zeydimofrad M, Gravand Y et al . Identifying unsafe Behaviors with Safety Behavior Sampling Method among Workers of Ilam Gas Refinery in 2013. J. Ilam Uni. Med. Sci. 2017; 25 (4) :99-107
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-2891-en.html

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Volume 25, Issue 4 (11-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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