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:: Volume 27, Issue 2 (6-2019) ::
sjimu 2019, 27(2): 102-110 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Flaxseed (Linum Usitatissimum L.) against Genotoxicity Induced by Cyclophosphamide on Human Blood Lymphocyte
Mohammad Shokrzadeh1 , Abbas Mohammadpour1, Mona Modanloo1, Narges Kargar darabi2, Faezeh Khajavi 3
1- Dept of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
2- Dept of Genetics, Mazandaran Sana non-Profit institution, Sari, Iran
3- Dept of Genetics, Mazandaran Sana non-Profit institution, Sari, Iran , faezekhajavi1370@gmail.com
Abstract:   (138 Views)
Introduction: Medicinal plants, such as flaxseeds play an important role in the health of individuals and communities. Regarding the phytochemical properties of flaxseed, this study aimed to investigate the hydroalcoholic effects of this plant on the genetic toxicity of cyclophosphamide in peripheral blood lymphocytes.
 
Materials & Methods: The flaxseed extract was initially prepared by maceration using ethanol solvent in two rounds. After one hour of incubation with different concentrations, the blood samples were incubated with 750µ M in a bain-marie at 37° C for 24 h. To evaluate the production of micronucleus in dual nuclear lymphocytes suppressed in cytokines, the slides were prepared and evaluated using light microscopy. The data were analyzed in SPSS software and the mean values were compared using Tukey's test and.
Ethics code: 30.96.3.1002
 
Findings: The incubation of blood samples with cyclophosphamide leads to induced additional genotoxicity in lymphocytes. Moreover, flaxseed extract pretreatment significantly reduced the micronucleus frequency (P<0.0001). In addition, the results showed the effective role of flaxseed extract as a protective agent in reducing the genotoxicity of the pesticide cyclophosphamide.
 
Discussion & Conclusions: According to the obtained results, flaxseed is a potent antigenotoxic agent against cyclophosphamide-induced DNA damage. Since the flaxseed extract does not have cytotoxic effects, it can be used as a protective agent against the toxic effects of cyclophosphamide.
 
Keywords: genotoxicity| cyclophosphamide| flaxseed| human lymphocyte ,
Full-Text [PDF 769 kb]   (53 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2017/08/1 | Accepted: 2019/04/10
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Shokrzadeh M, Mohammadpour A, Modanloo M, Kargar darabi N, Khajavi F. Effects of Flaxseed (Linum Usitatissimum L.) against Genotoxicity Induced by Cyclophosphamide on Human Blood Lymphocyte . sjimu. 2019; 27 (2) :102-110
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-4487-en.html


Volume 27, Issue 2 (6-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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