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:: Volume 24, Issue 3 (9-2016) ::
sjimu 2016, 24(3): 49-58 Back to browse issues page
Prediction of Oral Health in Children 3-6 Years old in Ilam, 2015: Application of Health Belief Model
Maryam Esmailikia 1, Eskandar Gholami parizad 2, Mohhamad sadegh Abedzadeh zavareh 3, Kourosh Sayehmiri 4, Zeinab Ghazanfari 5
1- MSc. Student Dept of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- MSc. Prevention of Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3- Ph.D. Student Dept of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
4- Associate Prof. Dept of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
5- Associate Prof. Dept of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , ghazanfari-z@medilam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2208 Views)
Introduction: Children are the most vulnerable individuals in society and oral disease is one of the most common human diseases, especially among this group. The role of oral health behavior is very important in the prevention of diseases; it is, therefore, a top priority for the Ministry of Health and World Health Organization. This study aimed to predict the factors affecting oral health status based on Health Belief Model.


Materials & methods: This cross-sectional study included 100 children of 3-6 years age from urban health centers. The data were collected by a researcher made HBM questionnaire. Some of oral health behaviors were surveyed through interviews with mothers and then children's oral examinations were carried out. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16 software at the significant level of 0.05.

Findings: Most of children's mothers participating in the study (96 %) were housewives. Almost half of fathers (48 %) had high school educations. Self-efficacy, cues to action, perceived threat and perceived benefits were significant predictors for oral health behaviors and totally accounted for 33 % of the variance in behavior. In terms of importance in the regression model, self-efficacy was the strongest variable and perceived benefits were the weakest one.

Discussion & Conclusions: The findings showed that self-efficacy is the most important variable to strengthening oral health so; it is suggested to promote self-efficacy for promoting oral health status.

Keywords: Children, Oral health, Health belief model
Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (844 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health education
Received: 2015/09/28 | Accepted: 2015/12/5 | Published: 2016/09/11
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esmailikia M, gholami parizad E, abedzadeh zavareh M S, sayehmiri K, ghazanfari Z. Prediction of Oral Health in Children 3-6 Years old in Ilam, 2015: Application of Health Belief Model. sjimu. 2016; 24 (3) :49-58
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-3084-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 3 (9-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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