:: Volume 26, Issue 2 (6-2018) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2018, 26(2): 126-132 Back to browse issues page
Synthesis and Investigation of Anti-Bacterial Effects of 2-amino-5-Nitrothiophene Derivatives
Sonia Rahimizadeh1 , Mohammad Piltan * 2, Sako Mirzaie3
1- Dept of Biology, Kurdestan Research and Sciences Center, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
2- Dept of Chemistry, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran , mohammadpiltan@yahoo.com
3- Dept of Biology,Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (4429 Views)

Introduction: The increasing drug resistance of bacteria against different antibiotics is a cause of development of antimicrobial compounds. The aim of this study was to investigate the synthesis and evaluation of antibacterial effects of 2-amino-5-nitrothiophene derivatives against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Strains.
Materials & Methods: As the first stage, 2-amino-5-nitro-thiophene derivatives were synthesized. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by means of IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR measurements. In the second phase, these compounds were evaluated for antimicrobial effects by Agar Well Diffusion Method against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Strains. Then, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of these compounds were evaluated.
Findings: According to our finds, reaction of malononitrile, aryl isothiocyanate and bromonitromethane in the presence of sodium ethoxide in ethanol led to preparation of compounds 4a-e. The antibacterial effects showed that all the compounds had inhibitory effects against Staphylococcus aureus.
Discussion & Conclusion: Our investigation concluded that the structure-activity relationship (SAR) results indicated that the compound 4a showed a potent antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, while this combination proved no effects on Escherichia coli. 4c and 4d compounds demonstrated an inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli strain, while the compounds 4b and 4e indicated similar effects on both the bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli). Meanwhile, efficacy of the compounds4b and 4e against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli was the same.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, antibacterial, 2-amino-5-nitrothiophenes
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2017/01/4 | Accepted: 2017/01/16 | Published: 2018/06/15

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Volume 26, Issue 2 (6-2018) Back to browse issues page