:: Volume 26, Issue 2 (6-2018) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2018, 26(2): 87-98 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiologic and Clinical Qualities of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Primary School Students in Sarpol-e Zahab town, Western Iran
Rahil Haghgo * 1, Parasto Naieb Zadeh2 , Shadi AhadiFar2 , Shima Anari2 , Behrouz Behrouz3
1- Dept of Psychology, University of Research Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , behrouz.psycho64@yahoo.com
2- Dept of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3- Dept of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4370 Views)

Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is the most common psychiatric disorder among the school age children, leaving a negative impact on the individual’s general functions. The purpose of our present study was to investigate the epidemiologic and clinical qualities of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) amng the primary school students in Sarpol-e Zahab town, western Iran.
Materials & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The statistical population covered all the primary school students of 7-12 years old in Sarpol-e Zahab town. Based on Krejcie and Morgan table and multi-stage cluster sampling, 740 people were selected; accordingly, demographic variables, Child Symptom Inventories-4 (CSI-4) were completed. The data was Analyzed using Descriptive Statistics, Cho-Square Test, Logistic Regression analysis by SPSS-21 software. The level of significance was considered (P≤0.05).
Findings: The results showed that prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder was 11/22% generally. Such a prevalence was higher in boys than that of the female students. The highest prevalence of ADHD included ADHA-Combined, ADHD-Hyperactivity and ADHD-Inattention, respectively. All the demographic factors, except for the parents’ jobs demonsterated a significant relationship with the prevalence of ADHD, (P≤0.05).
Discussion & Conclusion: Our results indicated that Prevalence of ADHD among the students of Sarpol-e Zahab was of a significant difference compared to other researches conducted inside and outside Iran (11/22%). However, more attention should be paid to mental health policy-making in students to decrease the present behavioral problems and those of future.

Keywords: epidemiology, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, primary school students, Sarpol-e-zahab
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/11/1 | Accepted: 2017/04/3 | Published: 2018/06/15

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Volume 26, Issue 2 (6-2018) Back to browse issues page