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:: Volume 27, Issue 5 (12-2019) ::
sjimu 2019, 27(5): 73-84 Back to browse issues page
Prediction of Spiritual Wellbeing based on Contextual Factors and Spiritual Needs in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases
Mohamad Ahangarkani1 , Isaac Rahimian Boogar 2, Shahrokh Makvand Hosseini1
1- Dept of Clnical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2- Dept of Clnical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran , i_rahimian@semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1031 Views)
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are among the major threats to human health which are regarded as the main cause of death and disability worldwide. Encounters with these diseases lead to physical, psychological, and spiritual problems. Spiritual health correlates with different aspects of human life and is necessary to adapt to the diseases. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between spiritual needs and contextual factors with spiritual wellbeing in patients with cardiovascular diseases.
 
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted based on a correlational design. The study population included all patients referred to teaching hospitals affiliated to Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran in 2018. In total, 137 patients (79 female and 58 male patients) with cardiovascular diseases were selected through convenience sampling. The data were collected using the Spiritual Wellbeing Scale (by Peterman), Spiritual Needs Assessment Scale (by Bussing), and Contextual Dimension Scale (by Hillemeier). Moreover, the data were analyzed using SPSS software (Version. 19) through descriptive and inferential statistics. Ethics code: IR.MAZUMS.REC.1396D105
 
Findings: The data were analyzed using stepwise regression analysis. According to the results, the need for inner peace, existential needs, active forgiveness needs, and religious needs correlated significantly with spiritual wellbeing. Out of the spiritual needs, existential needs, the need for inner peace, religious needs, and active forgiveness needs (P<0.001) played the most important roles (R2=0.49) in predicting the spiritual wellbeing. Moreover, politics, medicine, and health correlated significantly with spiritual wellbeing. On the other hand, a negative relationship was observed between spiritual wellbeing and economic, educational, environmental, residential, governmental, psycho-social, and behavioral dimensions, as well as transportation. Out of these factors, behavioral, environmental, medical, political, and residential dimensions along with health and transportation had the most important roles (R2=0.51) in predicting spiritual wellbeing. 
 
Discussion & Conclusions: It can be concluded that religious needs and contextual factors, as two psychological constructs, can play significant roles in creating spiritual wellbeing.
 
Keywords: Spiritual Needs|contextual Factors|spirituality well- being|Cardiovascular patients. ,
Full-Text [PDF 638 kb]   (266 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: psychology
Received: 2019/06/8 | Accepted: 2019/10/15 | Published: 2019/12/31
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Ahangarkani M, Rahimian Boogar I, Makvand Hosseini S. Prediction of Spiritual Wellbeing based on Contextual Factors and Spiritual Needs in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases. sjimu. 2019; 27 (5) :73-84
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-5750-en.html


Volume 27, Issue 5 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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