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:: Volume 27, Issue 6 (1-2020) ::
sjimu 2020, 27(6): 46-53 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Educational Intervention Using Children's Traffic Park on Safe Crossing from the Street among School Children
Marziye Tolide1 , Abasali Dehghanitaftiti 2, Zohreh Rahaei1 , Sara Jambarsang3 , Hamid Dehghan banadaki3
1- Dept of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Dept of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , aadtafti@yahoo.com
3- Dept of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (514 Views)
Introduction: Pedestrians, especially children, are among the most vulnerable active groups in traffic. One of the major causes of death and disability is pedestrian and children injuries. Therefore, it is important to prevent these injuries, which requires educational strategies and implementation of scientific-practical interventions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of educational intervention on safe crossing along the street among students using Childrenchr('39')s Traffic Park in Yazd, Iran.
 
Materials & Methods: This interventional study was conducted with a pretest-posttest design. This study included 66 elementary students (1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades) who were selected by random sampling from schools in Yazd, Iran, during the academic year of 2018-19. The intervention consisted of theoretical and practical training in the Childrenchr('39')s Traffic Park. The data were collected using a 12-item checklist assessing the safe crossing of the street. Moreover, the data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and a paired two-sample Studentchr('39')s t-Test. Ethics code: IR.SSU.SPH.REC.1397.055
 
Findings: In total, 50% of the students were male with a mean age of 7.65±1.36 years. The minimum level of respecting safe behaviors was related to passing through the crosswalks (62.1%) and pedestrian overpasses (66.7%). Therefore, it was revealed that more than 60% of the students did not comply with these safety behaviors. The mean±SD scores of respecting safe behaviors when crossing the street were 9.5±1.75 and 9.86±1.41 before and after the intervention, respectively. The results also showed a significant increase in the scores of respecting safe behavior when crossing the street among students after the intervention (P<0.006).
 
Discussion & Conclusions: According to the obtained results, educational intervention using childrenchr('39')s traffic park had effects on the safe crossing of the students from the street. Therefore, it is suggested that this intervention be implemented as a framework for developing educational programs to train schoolchildren regarding crossing the street safely.
 
 
Keywords: pedestrians|traffic parking|students|safe passage ,
Full-Text [PDF 760 kb]   (111 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2019/05/11 | Accepted: 2019/10/5 | Published: 2020/06/8
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Tolide M, Dehghanitaftiti A, Rahaei Z, Jambarsang S, Dehghan banadaki H. Effect of Educational Intervention Using Children's Traffic Park on Safe Crossing from the Street among School Children. sjimu. 2020; 27 (6) :46-53
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-5664-en.html


Volume 27, Issue 6 (1-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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