:: Volume 31, Issue 3 (8-2023) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2023, 31(3): 87-96 Back to browse issues page
Study of sleep habits and their effective factors in children admitted to Amirkabir Hospital, Arak
Fahimeh Omidi1 , Mona Hamedi Tabar2 , Parsa Yousefi chaijan3 , Hamed Kakekhani * 4
1- Dept of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences of Arak, Arak, Markazi, Iran
2- School of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences of Arak, Arak, Markazi, Iran
3- Dept of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences of Arak, Arak, Markazi, Iran
4- Dept of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences of Arak, Arak, Markazi, Iran , dr.hamed_kakekhani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (747 Views)
Introduction: Sleep disorders are the most common behavioral complaints in children. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the sleep habits of children admitted to Amirkabir Hospital, Arak, Iran.
Material & Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, children aged 4 to 12 years admitted to Amirkabir Hospital clinic in 2021 were randomly studied. Data obtained from the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire were analyzed using SPSS24.0 software.
Findings: A total of 295 children with a mean age of 7.26±2.27 years were studied. The prevalence of the disorder in sleep habits was 67.4%. Among the children with disturbed sleep habits, 193 (96.9%) had poor sleep habits and 6 (3.1%) had average sleep habits. The total sleep habits score was significantly higher in girls, unwanted children, and children with divorced parents, low parental education level, and incompatible parents (P<0.05). However, there was no significant association between the total sleep habits score and children's age (P>0.05).
Discussion & Conclusion: In this study, most children showed disturbed sleep habits. Considering that children's poor sleep habits may be a contributing factor for stress, pressure, and tension in the family, mass education and psychiatric intervention are needed in this regard.
 
Keywords: Children, Parasomnia, Sleep habits
Full-Text [PDF 686 kb]   (282 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: pediatric subspecialty
Received: 2023/04/1 | Accepted: 2023/05/20 | Published: 2023/09/6
References
1. Carter KA, Hathaway NE, Lettieri CF. Common sleep disorders in children. Am Fam Physician 2014; 89:368-77.
2. El Halal CDS, Nunes ML. Sleep disorders in childhood. Residência Pediátrica 2018; 8:86-92. doi: 10.25060/residpediatr-2018.v8s1-14.
3. Narasimhan U, Anitha FS, Anbu C, Abdul Hameed MF. The Spectrum of Sleep Disorders Among Children: A Cross-sectional Study at a South Indian Tertiary Care Hospital. Cureus 2020;12: e7535. doi: 10.7759/cureus.7535.
4. Forrest CB. A living systems perspective on health. Med Hypotheses 2014; 82:209-14. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2013.11.040.
5. Badri M, Alkhaili M, Aldhaheri H, Yang G, Albahar M, Alrashdi A. From good sleep to health and to quality of life - a path analysis of determinants of sleep quality of working adults in Abu Dhabi. Sleep Sci Pract 2023; 7: 1-13. doi: 10.1186/s41606-023-00083-3.
6. Andreasson A, Axelsson J, Bosch JA, Balter LJ. Poor sleep quality is associated with worse self-rated health in long sleep duration but not short sleep duration. Sleep Med 2021; 88:262-66. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2021.10.028.
7. Ogundele MO, Yemula C. Management of sleep disorders among children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders: A practical guide for clinicians. World J Clin Pediatr 2022; 11:239-52. doi: 10.5409/wjcp. v11.i3.239.
8. Csábi E, Gaál V, Hallgató E, Schulcz RA, Katona G, Benedek P. Increased behavioral problems in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Ital J Pediatr 2022; 48:173. doi: 10.1186/s13052-022-01364-w.
9. Barel E, Tzischinsky O. The Role of Sleep Patterns from Childhood to Adolescence in Vigilant Attention. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022; 19:14432. doi:10.3390/ijerph192114432.
10. Hosokawa R, Tomozawa R, Fujimoto M, Anzai S, Sato M, Tazoe H, et al. Association between sleep habits and behavioral problems in early adolescence: a descriptive study. BMC Psychol 2022; 10:254. doi: 10.1186/s40359-022-00958-7.
11. Lokhandwala S, Spencer RMC. Relations between sleep patterns early in life and brain development: A review. Dev Cogn Neurosci 2022; 56:101130. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2022.101130.
12. Reyna-Vargas ME, Parmar A, Lefebvre DL, Azad MB, Becker AB, Turvey SE, et al. Longitudinal Associations Between Sleep Habits, Screen Time and Overweight, Obesity in Preschool Children. Nat Sci Sleep 2022; 14:1237-1247. doi: 10.2147/NSS.S363211.
13. Troxel WM, Lee L, Hall M, Matthews KA. Single-parent family structure and sleep problems in black and white adolescents. Sleep Med 2014; 15:255-61. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2013.10.012.
14. Mei X, Zhou Q, Li X, Jing P, Wang X, Hu Z. Sleep problems in excessive technology use among adolescent: a systemic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Sci Pract 2018; 2:9. doi:10.1186/s41606-018-0028-9.
15. Neamat AS, Shawq AH, Mohammed WJ. Association between Digital Addiction and Sleep Habits for Preschool Children. PJMHS 2022; 16: 507-10. doi:10.53350/pjmhs22166507.
16. Petit D, Touchette E, Tremblay RE, Boivin M, Montplaisir J. Dyssomnias and parasomnias in early childhood. Pediatrics 2007;119: e1016-25. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-2132.
17. Bharti B, Malhi P, Kashyap S. Patterns and problems of sleep-in school going children. Indian Pediatr 2006; 43:35-8.
18. BaHammam A, AlFaris E, Shaikh S, Bin Saeed A. Prevalence of sleep problems and habits in a sample of Saudi primary school children. Ann Saudi Med 2006; 26:7-13. doi: 10.5144/0256-4947.2006.7.
19. Kim DS, Lee CL, Ahn YM. Sleep problems in children and adolescents at pediatric clinics. Korean J Pediatr 2017; 60:158-65. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2017.60.5.158.
20. 20. Stores G. Aspects of sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2009; 11:81-90. doi: 10.31887/DCNS.2009.11.1/gstores.
21. Qaseem A, Kansagara D, Forciea MA, Cooke M, Denberg TD. Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Management of Chronic Insomnia Disorder in Adults: A Clinical Practice Guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med 2016; 165:125-33. doi: 10.7326/M15-2175.
22. Owens JA, Spirito A, McGuinn M. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children. Sleep 2000; 23:1043-51.
23. Mehri M, Chehrzad MM, Elahi M, GhanbariKhanghah A, Khousha M, Talebnia H, et al. Predictor Factorsofsleepproblemsinschool-age childrenwithattention deficitdisorderand hyperactivity. J Holist Nurs 2013; 25: 99-106. (Persian)
24. Cohen J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. 2 ed. New York. Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780203771587.
25. 25. Meltzer LJ, Johnson C, Crosette J, Ramos M, Mindell JA. Prevalence of diagnosed sleep disorders in pediatric primary care practices. Pediatrics 2010;125: e1410-8. doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-2725.
26. Ghaneian M, Kazemi-Zahrani H. Prevalence of Sleep Disturbance and Neuropsychological Learning Disabilities in Preschool Children in Isfahan City. J Shahid Sadoughi Univ Med Sci 2016; 24:501-12. (Persian)
27. Ozgoli G, Sheykhan Z, Soleymani F, Nasiri M, Mirzaei S, Kavousi F, et al. A study of effective factors on sleep disorders in 4-6 years old children in tehran city, Iran. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2015; 9:50-60. (Persian)
28. Mohsenzadeh A, Farhadi A. Prevalence of sleep disorders in khorramabad 7-12-year-old elementary school children in school year 2006-2007. Yafteh 2009; 3:41. (Persian)
29. Ipsiroglu OS, Fatemi A, Werner I, Tiefenthaler M, Urschitz MS, Schwarz B. Häufigkeit von Schlafstörungen bei Schulkindern zwischen 11 und 15 Jahren [Prevalence of sleep disorders in school children between 11 and 15 years of age]. Wien Klin Wochenschr 2001; 113:235-44.
30. Shamsaei F, Ahmadinia H, Seif M, Khalili A. Sleep Habits of Primary School Students of Nahavand City from the Point of View of Parents. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2018; 12:78-85. (Persian)
31. Mashhadi M, Nasiri M, Khalili M, Shadi D. Study of sleep habits and its effective factors in children admitted to the pediatric wards of Besat hospital in Hamadan. PSJ 2021; 19: 41-7. (Persian)

Ethics code: IR.ARAKMU.REC.1399.078


XML   Persian Abstract   Print



Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 31, Issue 3 (8-2023) Back to browse issues page