:: Volume 25, Issue 4 (11-2017) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2017, 25(4): 179-186 Back to browse issues page
Evaluationof DMFT and dmft Indexes and Affecting Factors in Students of Hashtrood City in 2013-2014
Farnaz Jafari1 , Jafar Sadjadi Askouee2 , Sanaz Jafari * 3, Mohsen Talebi4
1- Dept of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
2- Dept of Recovery, Faculty of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
3- Dept of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , dr.snz.jafari@gmail.com
4- General Dentist, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (5174 Views)

Introduction: DMFT (Decay-missing-filled teeth index) and dmft (the equivalent of DMFT index for deciduous teeth) indexes are dental epidemiological indicators showing the status of oral health in the population. This study evaluated the DMFT index of 6, 9 and 12-year-old students in Hashtrood city in 2013.
Materials &  methods: The present descriptive-analytical study using interview, examination and recording of information, in the study population included students aged 6, 9 and 12 -year-old conducted in Hashtrood city. Gender, parents’ income, toothbrushing frequency and carbohydrates intake frequency were recorded. Data analysis was done using SPSS 18.
Findings: The average DMFT index of 6 years old children was 0.13 ± 0.78, for 9 years old children was 2.86±1.39 and for 12 years old children was 4±2.17. The average dmft index of 6 years old children was 4±2.57, for 9 years old children was 3.83±2.36 and for 12 years children was 0.483±1.26. The analysis of Kruskai Wallisfound, significant differences between the amount of dmft and DMFT indexes of students based on brushing frequency and carbohydrate consumption (p <0.05). However, no significant association was found between gender and amount of family income
Discussion & conclusions: DMFT and dmft indexes of students of Hashtrood city according to WHO goals were not in good condition.

Keywords: DMFT, Dmft, Oral health, Environmental factors, Dental caries, Oral hygiene, Epidemiology
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/09/30 | Accepted: 2016/12/18 | Published: 2017/12/4

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Volume 25, Issue 4 (11-2017) Back to browse issues page