:: Volume 18, Issue 2 (2010 2010) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2010, 18(2): 37-43 Back to browse issues page
The Anti-coccidial Evaluation of Quim coccid, Pharm coccid, Amprolium And Monensia Against Eimeria Tenella in Vitro
Abstract:   (18076 Views)
Introduction: Coccidiosis is one of the most costly diseases in the world, which is caused by a parasitic protozoa of genous eimeria. Coccidiosis affects most domestic omimals including sheep, pigs, cattles, turkeys, ducks, and hens. Quim coccid and pharm coccid showed considerable effects on eimeria torela compared to the most popular anti-coccidal drugs. Amperolium and monensiam are used either in farms or in labs across the world. Materials & Methods: Quim coccid and pharm coccid were used against eimeria tenella in Broiler chicken. 4 groups each with 20 chikens, each group for one medication were convered by the study, comparing with two control groups (one E.tenella infected without treatment and the other a healthy non-infected group)without any treatments. Medications were given two days before the infection until 10 days after it. During the follow-up, chickens were fed normally. Parasitic infection was applied using10 O ocysts of E.tenella. Monensim dose was 100ppm and for the remainig 3 medications, 125ppm was the dose of choice. The Mack Master method was used for the detection of O ocysts in feces. The ANOVA and Double Proportion Analysis methods were used to evaluate the data statistically. Findings: After the treatments, no anti-coccidial drug receiving group demonstrated any clinical symptoms of blind intestinal coccidisis, a fact confirming the complete treatment of their infections. Furthermore, all the groups showed a 100% ability to continue their normal lives. No differences were found in the weight of chickens in each group. 20% of the infected chickens without treatment lost their lives. It was found out that both the quim-coccid and pharm-coccid had a considerable anti intestinal coccidiosis efficacy. Discussion & Conclusion: Amperolium is a coccidostatic drug against E.Tenella and E.Bronti, but with no effects against any other eimeria. Monensim is a coccidocial drug used as prophy lactic medication in Brolea chiclcaus. There was no 0 ocyst observed in the feces of treated chickens indicating that the parasite had been affected by drugs. More investigations are needed to reveal the mechanisms of such drugs.
Keywords: anti coccid, emeria, pharm coccid, quim coccid
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/06/8 | Accepted: 2015/04/8 | Published: 2015/04/8

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Volume 18, Issue 2 (2010 2010) Back to browse issues page