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:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (8-2013) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2013, 21(3): 135-141 Back to browse issues page
Community-Based Interventions For Prevention of Motor Vehicle Injuries
Z Gharli poor, N Keshavarz mohamadi, E Soltani, Hr Gilasi, A Ashrafi hafez *1, M Mansorian
1- , Ashrafihafez@gmail.com
Abstract:   (12072 Views)
Introduction: Community based interve-ntions for enhancing the generalization of the benefits of health programs, providing information for policymakers and impro-ving the community health are more appr-opriate than the patient-centered clinical trials. The community-based approaches for preventing injuries are widely accepted but there is a little strong evidence of the effect-tiveness of programs with multiple obje-ctives in the community. Therefore current study aimed to review the community-based interventions for preventing motor vehicle inj-uries. Materials & Methods: The research was a review study. Community-based interve-ntions, injury, safe traffic behavior and seat belt were used as keywords in the databa-ses, Scienc-edirect, Pubmed, Ovid, Oxfo-rdjournals, EBS-CO and Cochrane to sear-ch systematic revie-ws. A total of 28 com-munity-based interventi-ons related articles on injuries were reviewed. The results of these articles were analyzed. Findings: The most of the studies were non-randomized controlled clinical trials (78.57%) and were mainly carried out in the USA (46.43%). The interventions were mainly as integrated approachs (60.71%). The primary outcomes of the studies were the use of helmet (35.72%), unintentional injuries (14.28%), high-risk driving behaviors (10.72%), use of child seat (7.14%), use of seat belt (10.72%) and safe traffic behaviors (21.42%) Discussion & Conclusion: In general, the integration of several strategies or the community-based interventions alone has a preventive effect on traffic injuries. We recommend a combination of multiple methods to prevent traffic injuries.
Keywords: community-based interventions, in-juries, safe traffic behavior, seat belt
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: education vartqa slamt
Received: 2013/09/23 | Accepted: 2013/10/27 | Published: 2013/10/27
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gharli poor Z, keshavarz mohamadi N, soltani E, gilasi H, ashrafi hafez A, mansorian M. Community-Based Interventions For Prevention of Motor Vehicle Injuries. Journal title 2013; 21 (3) :135-141
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-1202-en.html

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Volume 21, Issue 3 (8-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
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