:: Volume 21, Issue 2 (6-2013) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2013, 21(2): 161-168 Back to browse issues page
Survey The Effectiveness of Education on Knowledge and Attitude of High School and Guidance School Teachers of Ilam Urban About Risk Factors of Cardio-Vascular Diseases
Z Sourabi , H Taghinezhad * 1, M Moghadam , M Alizadeh , M Salamati
1- , hamid2005mordad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14201 Views)
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of mortality and morbidity that threaten the life of human being. American Heart Association (AHA) has estimated that until 2020, approximat-ely 25 million deaths would be occurring because of the diseases and these would be recognized as the first cause of mortality. The aim of the present study was to survey the effect of education on the knowledge and attitude of the teachers regarding card-iovascular risk factors in middle and high school children. Materials & Methods: This research was a descriptive study in which 42 teachers in middle and high schools in the urban reg-ions of Ilam were selected by a convenience sampling method. To evaluate the effecti-veness of the education on teachers the interventional education method and two-step test (pre and post education test) were used. At first, data collected by a questi-onnaire that consisted of three parts: Demo-graphic characteristics, questions about knowledge and attitude. After education, the knowledge and attitude of teachers reg-arding cardiovascular risk factors was assessed. Finally, the collected data were analyzed by the SPSS software and the statistics tests, chi-square, fisher exact and parried T- test. Findings: The mean score for the knowl-edge of teachers was 37.71±3.1 and 41.80±1.5 before and after the education, respectively (P<0.01). The teachers' attitude mean scores were 18.97±5.1 and 18.99±4.6 in pre and post stages of the education which was not significant (P=0.4). There were significant relationships between the effect of education on the knowledge/ attitude and the job of husband in pre and post stages of the education (P=0.02 and P<0.05, respectively). However, there were no significant associations between the sco-re of knowledge/ attitude and other param-eters including age, gender, educational level, location of residence, illness history, and family history of cardiovascular disea-ses (P>0.05). Discussion & Conclusion: Results of this research indicated that there was a signi-ficant differences between the knowledge of teachers in the pre and post education stages (P=0.000). However, there was no significant difference between the attitude of teachers in the pre and post education stages (P= 0.04).
Keywords: education, knowledge, attitude, cardio, vascular diseases, risk factors
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nurse
Received: 2013/08/4 | Accepted: 2013/08/6 | Published: 2013/09/1

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Volume 21, Issue 2 (6-2013) Back to browse issues page