[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 30, Issue 1 (3-2022) ::
Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2022, 30(1): 74-84 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of the Safety Climate of Nurses' Working in Medical-Surgical Units of Teaching Hospitals
Maryam Vaezi1 , Kourosh Amini * 2, Zeinab Ghahremani3
1- Dept of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2- Dept of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , korosh@zums.ac.ir
3- Dept of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (916 Views)
Introduction: Safety climate is one of the factors related to nurses' satisfaction, and therefore, quality of patient care. This study aimed to determine the safety climate in medical-surgical units of teaching hospitals in Zanjan, Iran.
Material & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 247 nurses working in five teaching hospitals in Zanjan, Iran, in 2021.  Participants were selected by the Poisson sampling method. The required data were collected using a demographic characteristics form and the standard nurses' safety climate questionnaire by Sarsangi et al. (2015). This scale measures the nurses' perceptions regarding the dimensions of nursing education, communication with physicians, communication with nurses, supervisors' attitudes, reporting errors, and burnout. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 18) through descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
(Ethic code: IR.ZUMS.REC.1399-202)
Findings: The total mean score of safety climate was 3.12±0.53 out of 5. The highest mean safety climate scores were related to the ‘communication between nurses’ (3.61±0.83), followed by ‘reporting errors ‘(3.53±0.69). The lowest mean score was related to ‘burnout‘(2.32±0.90) out of 5. The total score of safety climate was statistically different and significant based on the organizational position and city in which the participants were working. However, the total mean score of safety climate showed no significant relationship with gender, marital status, education, employment, ward, age, and work experience.
Discussion & Conclusion: This study showed the moderate level of safety climate of nurses working in Zanjan, Iran. Cumulative burnout was one of the components of the safety climate that obtained the lowest mean score, compared to other dimensions. In other words, burnout was highly prevalent among the nurses in this study. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the safety climate of nurses, especially in the cumulative burnout dimension.
 
Keywords: Medical-surgical units, Nurses, Safety climate, Teaching hospitals
Full-Text [PDF 1187 kb]   (253 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nurse
Received: 2021/06/11 | Accepted: 2021/10/16 | Published: 2023/03/6
References
1. Zohar D. Safety climate in industrial organizations theoretical and applied implications. J Appl Psychol 1980;65:96. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.65.1.96
2. Coyle IR, Sleeman SD, Adams N. Safety climate. J Saf Res 1995;26:247-54. doi:10.1016/0022-4375(95)00020-Q
3. Potter RE, Dollard MF, Owen MS, Keeffe V, Bailey T, Leka S. Assessing a national work health and safety policy intervention using the psychosocial safety climate framework. Saf Sci2017;100:91-102. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2017.05.011
4. Shahabinejad M, Ghiasi A, Ghaffari M, Barkhordar A, Soltanipoor S.[ Identify occupational hazards of each of the occupational groups in a military hospital]. J Nurse Phys With War 2017;15:31-7. (Persian)
5. Loeppke R, Boldrighini J, Bowe J, Braun B, Eggins E, Eisenberg BS, et al.[ Interaction of health care worker health and safety and patient health and safety in the US health care system recommendations from the 2016 summit]. J Occup Environ Med2017;59:803-13. doi:10.1097/jom.0000000000001100
6. Almost JM, VandenKerkhof EG, Strahlendorf P, Tett LC, Noonan J, Hayes T, et al. A study of leading indicators for occupational health and safety management systems in healthcare. BMC Health Serv Res 2018;18:296. doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3103-0
7. Aghakhani N, Baghaei R, Alinejad V, Cheraghi R.[ Prevalence and factors of occupational accidents in nurses of educational and treatment centers of Urmia University of medical sciences]. Nurs Mid 2017;15:270-80 .(Persian)
8. Doroodi H, Amini K, Hashemi M. [Relationship of job injuries mediated by the perception of work climate and job satisfaction, stress and turnover in staff of educational hospitals at Zanjan University of medical siencs]. Preve Care Nurs Mid J2016; 6:71-81. (Persian)
9. Khaleghinejad A, Ziaaldini M. [Relationship between employees safety climate and safety performance with respect to mediating effect of safety knowledge and safety motivation in Sarcheshmeh copper complex]. Health Saf Work 2015;5:69-86 .(Persian)
10. Cook JM, Slade MD, Cantley LF, Sakr CJ. Evaluation of safety climate and employee injury rates in healthcare]. Occup Environ Med 2016;73:595-9. doi:10.1136/oemed-2015- 03218
11. Ghasemi F , Akbari H, Adibzadeh A. [Designing and validating a questionnaire for assessing the safety climate among nurses]. J Mil Med 2018; 20 :488-99. (Persian)
12. Sarsangi V, Khalevandi A, Zarei E, Aboueemehrizi E, Salimabadi M, Honarjoo F. [ Attitude of the nurses of Kashan educational hospitals toward workplace safety climate in 2014]. Com Health J2017;8:18-27 .(Persian)
13. Mostafaei D, Aryankhesal A, Dastoorpoor M, Rahimikhalifekandi Z, Estebsari F. [Patient safety culture assessment of clinical and paraclinical staff perspective in selected University of medical sciences hospitals in Tehran]. Iranian J Health Edu Health Prom 2018;6:293-301. (Persian)
14. Sarsangi V, Khajevandi A, Motallebikashani M. [Development and psychometrics of nurses safety climate assessment questionnaire]. Sabzevar Uni Med Sci 2015; 22: 151-9. (Persian)
15. Bronkhorst B, Vermeeren B. Safety climate worker health and organizational health performanc. Int J Work Health Manage2016;9:270-89. doi:10.1108/IJWHM-12-2015-0081
16. Mohr DC, Eaton JL, McPhaul KM, Hodgson MJ. Does employee safety matter for patients too? Employee safety climate and patient safety culture in health care. J Patient Saf 2018;14:181-5. doi:10.1097/PTS.0000000000000186
17. Liang HY, Tang FI, Wang TF, Lin KC, Yu SHU. Nurse characteristics leadershipsafety climate, emotional labour and intention to stay for nurses a structural equation modelling approach. J Adv Nurs 2016;72:3068-80. doi:10.1111/jan.13072
18. Dorigan GH, Brito E. Nursing practice environment satisfaction and safety climate: the nurses perception. Acta Paul Enferm 2017;30:129. dio.org/10.1590/1982
19. Mclinton SS, Dollard MF, Tuckey MR. New perspectives on psychosocial safety climate in healthcare: A mixed methods approach. Safe Sci 2018;109:236-45. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2018.06.005
20. Melnyk BM, Orsolini L, Tan A, Arslanian C, Melkus GDE, Dunbar J, et al. A national study links nurses physical and mental health to medical errors and perceived worksite wellness. J Occup Environ Med 2018;60:126-31. doi:10.1097/jom.0000000000001198
21. Zarei E, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Akbari R. On the relationship between safety climate and occupational burnout in healthcare organizations. Safe Sci 2016;89:1-10. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2016.05.011
22. Yarmohammadi H, Mehr AJ, Sohrabi Y, Salimi H, Mohammadi A, Mohammadi E, et al. [The attitude of nurses in hospitals of Kermanshah towards safety climate]. OHHP 2020; 3: 309-18. (Persian) doi: 10.18502/ohhp.v3i4.2455
23. Boamah SA, Read EA, Spence Laschinger HKJJoan. Factors influencing new graduate nurse burnout development job satisfaction and patient care quality a time lagged study. J Adv Nurs 2017;73:1182-95. doi:10.1111/jan.13215
24. Wang QQ, Lv WJ, Qian RL, Zhang Y. Job burnout and quality of working life among Chinese nurses a cross sectional study. J Nurs Manag 2019;27:1835-44. doi:10.1111/jonm.12884
25. Zhang Y, Wu X, Wan X, Hayter M, Wu J, Li S, et al. Relationship between burnout and intention to leave amongst clinical nurses the role of spiritual climate. J Nurs Manag 2019;27:1285-93. doi:10.1111/jonm.12810
26. Poursadeqiyan M, Arefi MF, Khaleghi S, Moghaddam AS, Mazloumi E, Raei M, et al. Investigation of the relationship between the safety climate and occupational fatigue among the nurses of educational hospitals in Zabol. J Edu Health Prom 2020;9:238. doi:10.4103/jehp.jehp_309_20
27. Pousette A, Larsman P, Eklof M, Torner M. The relationship between patient safety climate and occupational safety climate in healthcare a multi level investigation. J Saf Res 2017;61:187-98. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2017.02.020
28. Yıldız T. Learning culture and social interactio. Edu Res 2020;24 :231-6. doi:10.1016/j.lcsi.2019.100377
29. Hajaghazadeh M, Farrokhi F, Marvimilan H, Orujlu S. [Survey of safety climate from the viewpoints of nurses working in one of the hospitals in Urmia city Iran in 2014]. J Health Saf Work 2016;6: 69-78. (Persian)
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA

Ethics code: IR.ZUMS.REC.1399-202


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Vaezi M, Amini K, Ghahremani Z. Investigation of the Safety Climate of Nurses' Working in Medical-Surgical Units of Teaching Hospitals. sjimu 2022; 30 (1) :74-84
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-7132-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 30, Issue 1 (3-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.13 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4509