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:: Volume 20, Issue 5 (3-2013) ::
sjimu 2013, 20(5): 37-42 Back to browse issues page
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pedestrians about Driving Rules in kashan
Hamidreza Gilasi , Ali Moradi, Zabiholah Gharli por, Ali Moazami godarzi
Abstract:   (7645 Views)
Introduction: Iran is one of the countries with the highest number of deaths from road accidents. As the incidence of these injuries (30 in ten thousand) is higher than the regional and international rates and about 13.5% of the deaths are caused by traffic accidents. Since pedestrians are one of the groups at risk, the purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of them regarding to the driving rules. Materials & Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on a target population of pedestrians in the city of Kashan. The sample size was 398 subjects that were selected by convenient method from forty spots on the streets of kashan. The Knowledge, attitude and practice of pedestrians were determined and the relationships between demographic and behavioral variables were assessed by the statistical tests, chi-square, odds ratio and its confidence interval. The reliability of questions in each domain was assessed by the using of Cronbach's alpha index. Construct validity of questions in each area was calculated by using of the principal components analysis method. Findings: A total of 398 pedestrians were studied. 54%, 61.3% and 32.2% of those surveyed people had an appropriate knowledge, attitude and practice regarding the driving rules, respectively. This study showed that the knowledge and attitude of pedestrians about road rules had statistically a significant relationship, however, the attitude and knowledge of pedestrians in this area was not statistically significant. Discussion & Conclusion: This study showed that the overall practice of pedestrians regarding driving rules in the city of Kashan was significantly poor. Given the importance of human factors in traffic accidents, the best way to reduce the occurrence of such events is the implementing of educational and preventive programs.
Keywords: pedestrians, knowledge, attitude, behavior, road rules, Kashan
Full-Text [PDF 250 kb]   (1619 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical microbiology
Received: 2013/03/17 | Accepted: 2013/06/15 | Published: 2013/06/15
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gilasi H, moradi A, gharli por Z, moazami godarzi A. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Pedestrians about Driving Rules in kashan. sjimu. 2013; 20 (5) :37-42
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-927-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 5 (3-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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