:: Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2007) ::
sjimu 2007, 15(3): 49-57 Back to browse issues page
Status of environmental factors related to the urban community health of Ilam ,2005-2006
Abstract:   (24999 Views)
Abstract Introduction: Maintaining a sound and healthy environment along with accomplishing a sustainable development have always been considered by higher policy markers in any country . Therefore based on such a goal , this investigation was theorized and fulfilled to recognize the best possible procedures on how to have a sounder urban environment . Materials & Methods : In this descriptive – analytic investigation , necessary data and statistical figures were collected and analyzed in accordance with the current indicators of environmental standards . The data questionnaire covered 10 indicators items as follows city – construction and housing , energy consumption style , public green space, transportation and traffic and load , keeping and collecting sheep , air pollution , drinking water , waste water disposal , solid waste disposal , public knowledge about the environment , and current activities to develop green areas. Findings : It was deduced that 81% of Ilam buildings had been constructed with irresistant mass .90% of all the construction projects did not respond to the standards . About 28.8% of all the studied families ere keeping sheep in their residence . The average annual density of particles floating in Ilam air has been reported as 97.27 micro gram in meter which is almost 1.6 times more than clean – air standards . Microbial contamination of water is a bit more than its standards limit while water wasting in the distribution network is about 40% - Approximately , 1.4 of the sewage is transferred 180-220 tons daily in Ilam 70% of which is made up of decaying materials . Conclusion : The findings show that most the investigated indicators prove far from the national and international standards . Thus , providing green belts considering the 12-15 sq- meter standards of green space for the country encouraging an economical culture of energy consumption , improving public transportation , educating citizens through mass media in the adverse consequences of sheep – keepings in urban parts , improving water deposits and healthy usage of them , accelerating the sewage network , keeping citizens informed of hazards caused by infected rubbish and establishing green government topics among schools were of significant point to influence the achievement of such great social goal .
Keywords: Indicator, Environment, Standard, Sustainable development, ILAM
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/01/27 | Accepted: 2015/04/21 | Published: 2015/04/21

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Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2007) Back to browse issues page