:: Volume 18, Issue 4 (1-2011) ::
sjimu 2011, 18(4): 43-49 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Overweight And Obesity Among The First Grade Primary Students in Yazd
Abstract:   (13415 Views)
Introduction: The frequency of obesity in the childhood and developing in developed countries is increasing. Childhood obesity as a health problem has been due to changes in food habits and decreased physical activity as the most common causes. Existing reports indicate disability and death in higher ages an important result of this problem. The present study was carried out to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school students in Yazd(south-west Iran). Materials & Methods: The cross-sectional study of 2768 male and female students of first-grade elementary schools in Yazd was accomplished. Simple random school students in each school were selected through census. Their height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. The collected data was statistically analyzed using the software EPI 6. Findings: 6.3 percent of the children were overweight and 2.4 percent obese. The frequency of overweight and obesity in boys 5.9% and 2.6% and in girls 6.7% and 2.2%, respectively. Prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI at or above the sex-specific 85th) in children with high frequency of snack chips intakes per week, mothers' education, and higher birth weight was significantly more. Also, a non-significant relationship was found among gender, duration of breast milk consumption, history of consumption of supplementary feedings, watching TV and using other junk foods and overweight or obesity. Discussion & Conclusion: Changes in lifestyle such as changing food habits in children is recommended. Parents and schools important are target groups in public health intervention programs to reduce obesity and overweight in children.
Keywords: Keywords: obesity, overweight, primary school children, Yazd(Iran)
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/03/15 | Accepted: 2015/04/8 | Published: 2015/04/8

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Volume 18, Issue 4 (1-2011) Back to browse issues page