:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (7-2014) ::
sjimu 2014, 22(3): 137-148 Back to browse issues page
Study of motivational factors and causes of nonparticipation to breast and cervical cancer screening tests among women attending health centers in Kashan city
H Akbari, T Jedi arani, H Gilasi, A Moazami, Z Gharlipour, A Alin gholinpour, T Azar abdar 1
1- , azarabdar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7399 Views)
Introduction: Among the cancers of women, breast and cervical cancers have the highest incidence and death rates. However, scre-ening programs are cheap, easy and acc-essible by which the cancers could be inhibited at early stages. This study aimed to investigate motivational factors and causes of nonparticipation to breast and cervical cancer screening among attending health centers in Kashan city. Material & Methods: This study was a cross-sectional one that was conducted on 233 women referring to health centers of Kashan. Sampling was made thro-ugh a two-stage cluster random sampling m-ethod. Data were collected through a questi-onnaire and then the data were analyzed by using SPSS V.14 software. Findings: Findings showed that 7.5 % of women under study were doing regular bre-ast self- examination. 21% of them had never done the Pap smear and only 22% of them were doing the Pap smear regularly. The most common motivatinal factors for screening were seriousness of cancer risk, access to the institutions of health for perf-orming examinations and recommendations. The most common reasons of nonpa-rticipation for screening were the lack of knowledge about the existence of such exa-minations, lack of knowledge on related centers to perform this examinations , no history of problem , fear and ashamed of the examinations. Discussion & Conclusion: Given the moti-vatinal factors and barriers for screening, the necessity of adequate training by health p-ersonnel was confirmed. Given the role of these individuals in promoting community health and their contribution, organizing of training programs in health centers would be very helpful to remove the barriers and strengthen motivators for screening of prevalent cancers among women
Keywords: Cervical cancer, breast cancer, s-creening, pap smear, breast self-examination
Full-Text [PDF 726 kb]   (1690 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: public health
Received: 2014/07/23 | Accepted: 2014/07/23 | Published: 2014/07/23

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Volume 22, Issue 3 (7-2014) Back to browse issues page