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:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (7-2014) ::
sjimu 2014, 22(3): 109-116 Back to browse issues page
The comparison between executive functions of patients with type 2 diabetes and normal subjects
A Ashrafi hafez, E Soltani 1, M Taghavi, Z Gharlipour
1- , ssoltani65@gmail.com
Abstract:   (7430 Views)
Introduction: Approximately 171 million pe-ople suffer from type 2 diabetes, worldwide. It is estimated that the figure will be 300 million people in 2025. The aim of this research was to compare executive functions of type2 dia-betic patients with normal people. Materials & Methods: This research was a de-scriptive and causal comparative study. 50 patients with type 2 diabetes were selected from Fateme-Al-Zahra diabetes centre via acc-essible sampling method. The patients, com-peleted general health, Beck depression inve-ntory and Wisconsin card sorting test questi-onnaires. Normal group consisted of 34 people from the patient’s relatives and staff of Fat-eme-Al-Zahra diabetes centre. For analyzing the data covariance test was used. Findings: The results showed that after deter-mining depression as the Covariate variable, type 2 diabetic patients had lower executive functions than normal people. These patients had more perseveration errors than normal people. Discussion & Conclusion: Executive functions (cognitive flexibility and abstract ability) have deficiency among diabetic patients and this deficiency is influenced by depression. Instr-ucting cognitive flexibility to these patients can decrease their deficiencies in executive fu-nctions.
Keywords: Executive functions, type 2 diabet-es, normal people
Full-Text [PDF 368 kb]   (1717 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental health
Received: 2014/07/23 | Accepted: 2014/07/23 | Published: 2014/07/23
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ashrafi hafez A, soltani E, taghavi M, gharlipour Z. The comparison between executive functions of patients with type 2 diabetes and normal subjects. sjimu. 2014; 22 (3) :109-116
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-2003-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 3 (7-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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