:: Volume 23, Issue 3 (9-2015) ::
sjimu 2015, 23(3): 143-152 Back to browse issues page
Study of type and density of bacteria from Ahvaz air in normal and dusty conditions during different seasons
FATEMEH KHODARAHMI 1, Gholam reza Godarzi2, Abdolrazagh Hashemi2
1- Ilam University of Medical Sciences , kh_f2013@yahoo.com
2- Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5474 Views)

Introduction: Relation between respiratory problems and presence of air bacteria and fungi has been shown in many studies. Exposure to pollution due to bioaerosols almost is an inevitable feature of urban living throughout the world, and contact with fresh air microorganisms associated with a wide range of harmful effects on health. The present study aimed to study of type and density of isolated bacteria in normal and dusty conditions of different locations and seasons in Ahvaz city.
Materials & methods: The air sampling was conducted by using a microbial air sampler (Quick Take-30, SKC, USA), with a flow rate of 14.3 L/min placed at (1.5–2 m height) as a representative of human respiratory height. The sampling duration were 15 and 5 minutes at different sampling stations during summer, autumn and winter seasons (Totally 183 samples). Sampling was performed at normal conditions two times a day: morning (9–12) and afternoon (14:00–17:00) for normal and dusty air, respectively. The colonies were cultured in nutrient media and the type and density of microorganisms were detected by staining and viewed by microscope and based on biochemical tests and detection and counting of colonies have been reported in terms of CFU/m3.
Findings: Average of total bacterial concentrations for normal and dusty days in ahvaz were 442.34, 889.93 CFU/m3, respectively. The total number of bacteria in dusty days was 2 twice more than normal days. The mean concentrations for Mohit Zist, Naderi, Behdasht Ghadim, and Havashenasi stations were 665.2, 943.4, 657.6, and 437.8 CFU/m3, respectively and the average bacteria concentrations in winter, spring and fall, were observed 760, 84, 515.15 and 479.87 CFU/m3, respectively. In this study, 9 genera of bacteria were isolated including environmental, opportunistic, human body flora and even series of unknown bacteria. Common bacteria in normal and dusty conditions are Bacillus, Streptomyces and Corynebacterium. Among gram-positive bacteria had the highest concentration with more than 89%, and Bacillus species are most abundant genera were isolated from the air in Ahwaz.
 Discussion & Conclusion: whatever environment has more population density and more traffic, and low vegetation, the concentration of bacteria in environment is high which this concentration of bacteria is inversely related to temperature and UV index of environment. In this study the most important reasons for an increasing in number of bacillus isolated was gram-positive bacteria resistant than drought environment and sporulation in Bacillus which lead to their survival in adverse conditions.

Keywords: Bioaerosol, Bacteria, Dusty days, Ahvaz, Khuzestan
Full-Text [PDF 905 kb]   (1998 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Environmental health
Received: 2014/05/7 | Accepted: 2014/09/9 | Published: 2015/09/29

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Volume 23, Issue 3 (9-2015) Back to browse issues page