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:: Volume 23, Issue 4 (10-2015) ::
sjimu 2015, 23(4): 10-19 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of 8 Weeks Resistance Training on Bone Mass Density in Postmenopausal Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Daruosh Sheikholeslami Vatani 1, Forozan Rezaie2
1- Kurdistan University , dariush.vatani@gmail.com
2- Kurdistan University
Abstract:   (5828 Views)

Introduction: Studies has shown that diabetes type 1 and partly type 2 may exacerbate osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 8 weeks resistance training on Bone Mass Density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. Materials & methods: 20 postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes were recruited from Sanandaj diabetes association, (mean age, height, weight and BMI = 51±6 yr, 153.4±5 cm, 68.3±11 kg and 29.3±4 kg/m2, respectively) and then randomly divided in two groups including experimental and control. The experimental group performed resistance training for 8 weeks, three sessions per week and each session with 70% of one repetition maximum. The resistance training program consists of: bench press, leg extension, shoulder press, hamstring curl, standing two-arm curl and lat pull down. During the same period, the control group did not participate in any regular exercise training, but in terms of medication and dosage it was similar to the experimental one. Densitometry was performed to assess bone mass density (BMD) of the femur, distal forearm, and lumbar spine.
Findings: After 8 weeks, there weren't any significant changes in BMD [femoral neck (p=0.72), lumbar spine (p=0.36) and forearm bone (p=0.8)] in groups and bone sites. In addition, no significant differences were found between the two groups (p values for the femoral neck, lumbar spine and forearm were 0.18, 0.23 and 0.67, respectively).
Discussion & Conclusion: These data indicate that 8 weeks resistance training did not improve Bone Mass Density in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Bone, Resistance training, Postmenopausal, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Full-Text [PDF 536 kb]   (1722 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physical Education
Received: 2014/01/1 | Accepted: 2014/10/26 | Published: 2015/10/5
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Sheikholeslami Vatani D, Rezaie F. The Effect of 8 Weeks Resistance Training on Bone Mass Density in Postmenopausal Women with Type 2 Diabetes. sjimu. 2015; 23 (4) :10-19
URL: http://sjimu.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-1471-en.html


Volume 23, Issue 4 (10-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پزوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام scientific journal of ilam university of medical sciences
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