:: Volume 22, Issue 2 (6-2014) ::
sjimu 2014, 22(2): 39-49 Back to browse issues page
The Age, Gender and Psychological factors accompanied with suicide attempt among 20 to 70 years old population of Tehran City in 1392
E Rahimian Boogar
, i_rahimian@semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7968 Views)
Introduction: Consideration of suicide attempt and related factors has valuable clinical outcomes in domains of prevention and crisis intervention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive role of age, gender and psychological factors accompanied with suicide attempt in general population. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 154 subjects included 43 persons with suicide attempts with drug poisoning that attended to the two poisoning referral hospitals in Tehran and 111 persons without suicide attempt among staffs in these hospitals were selected by convenience sampling. Data collected with NEO-Five Factor Personality Inventory, Symptom Check-List Revised, the defense Style Questionnaire, The Beck Scale for suicide Ideation, The Beck Hopelessness Scale and demographical questionnaire, then analyzed by T test and Logistic Regression with PASW. Findings: Suicide thoughts (OR=8/714 %CI:1/616-18/033), aggression (OR=5/006 %CI:1/829-16/115), psychoticism (OR=2/035 %CI:0/008-7/551), neuroticism (OR=4/991 %CI:1/704-9/417), extroversion (OR=2/818 %CI:1/014-8/965), neurotic defense style (OR=3/615 %CI:1/399-8/946), immature defense style (OR=2/215 %CI:1/008-7/466) and hopelessness (OR=8/922 %CI:1/834-21/058) significantly differentiated persons with suicide attempt from persons without suicide attempt (P<0/001). Discussion & Conclusion: In this model, risky psychological factors increase the odds ratio of suicide attempt. These finding have applied implications in designing of preventive interventions and crisis intervention programs for self-harm behaviors.
Keywords: Suicide, Neuroticism, Defense mechanism, Extroversion, Hopelessness
Full-Text [PDF 378 kb]   (1940 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: clinical psychology
Received: 2013/12/12 | Accepted: 2014/02/26 | Published: 2014/06/9

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Volume 22, Issue 2 (6-2014) Back to browse issues page